Office québécois de la langue française

Office québécois
de la langue française
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The OQLF's main office, located in the old building of the École des beaux-arts de Montréal.
Agency overview
FormedMarch 24, 1961
JurisdictionMinistère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec
Headquarters125, rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Montreal, Quebec
Annual budget$19.0 million CAD (2007-2008)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
Child agency

The Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF) (English: Quebec Board of the French Language), sometimes pejoratively referred to as the Quebec language police in English, is a public organization established on March 24, 1961 by the Liberal government of Jean Lesage. Attached to the Ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec, its initial mission, defined in its report of April 1, 1964 was "to align on international French, promote good Canadianisms and fight Anglicisms ... work on the normalization of the language in Québec and support State intervention to carry out a global language policy that would consider notably the importance of socio-economic motivations in making French the priority language in Québec".[2]

Its mandate was enlarged by the 1977 Charter of the French Language, which also established two other organizations: the Commission de toponymie (Commission of Toponymy) and the Conseil supérieur de la langue française (Superior Council of the French Language).


The Office was originally named Office de la langue française (OLF), and is still occasionally referred to as such. The OLF was renamed OQLF pursuant to the adoption of Bill 104 by the National Assembly of Quebec on June 12, 2003, which also merged the OLF with the Commission de protection de la langue française (Commission of protection of the French language) and part of the Conseil supérieur de la langue française.

The creation of a "Board of the French language" (Régie de la langue française) was one of the recommendations of the Tremblay Royal Commission of Inquiry on Constitutional Problems which published its five-volume report in 1956.[2] Such an institution was part of the list of 46 vows formulated by the Second Congress on the French Language in Canada held in Quebec City in 1937.