October 20

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  2010 (Wednesday)
  2009 (Tuesday)

October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 72 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 1548 – The city of La Paz is founded by Alonso de Mendoza.
  • 1568 – The Spanish Duke of Alba defeats a Dutch rebel force under William the Silent.
  • 1572 – Eighty Years' War: Three thousand Spanish soldiers wade through fifteen miles of water in one night to effect the relief of Goes.
  • 1720 – Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.
  • 1740 – France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction, and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
  • 1781 – The Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, is approved in Austria.
  • 1803 – The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1818The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada–United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
  • 1827 – In the Battle of Navarino, a combined Turkish and Egyptian fleet is defeated by British, French and Russian naval forces in the last significant battle fought with wooden sailing ships.
  • 1883 – Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru's involvement in the War of the Pacific.
  • 1904 – Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
  • 1910 – The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
  • 1935 – The Long March, a mammoth retreat undertaken by the armed forces of the Chinese Communist Party a year prior, ends.
  • 1941 – World War II: Thousands of civilians in German-occupied Serbia are murdered in the Kragujevac massacre.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Soviet Army and Yugoslav Partisans liberate Belgrade.
  • 1944 – Liquefied natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland and then explodes, leveling 30 blocks and killing 130 people.
  • 1944 – American general Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands.
  • 1947 – The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigation into Communist infiltration of the Hollywood film industry, resulting in a blacklist that prevents some from working in the industry for years.
  • 1951 – The "Johnny Bright incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  • 1952 – The Governor of Kenya declares a state of emergency and begins arresting hundreds of suspected leaders of the Mau Mau Uprising.
  • 1961 – The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 from a Golf-class submarine.
  • 1962 – People's Republic of China launches simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line, igniting the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1968 – Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
  • 1973 – "Saturday Night Massacre": United States President Richard Nixon fires U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they refuse to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who is finally fired by Robert Bork.
  • 1973 – The Sydney Opera House is opened by Elizabeth II after 14 years of construction.
  • 1976The ferry George Prince is struck by a ship while crossing the Mississippi River. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die, and only 18 people aboard the ferry survive.
  • 1977 – Rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd's airplane crashes. Lead singer Ronnie Van Zant and guitarist Steve Gaines perish in the crash.
  • 1981 – Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
  • 1982 – During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
  • 1991 – A 6.8 Mw earthquake strikes the Uttarkashi region of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 2011 – Libyan Civil War: Rebel forces capture Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in his hometown of Sirte and kill him shortly thereafter.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: 20 Oktober
Alemannisch: 20. Oktober
አማርኛ: 20 October
العربية: 20 أكتوبر
aragonés: 20 d'octubre
arpetan: 20 octobro
asturianu: 20 d'ochobre
авар: 20 Октябр
azərbaycanca: 20 oktyabr
تۆرکجه: ۲۰ اوْکتوبر
Bân-lâm-gú: 10 goe̍h 20 ji̍t
башҡортса: 20 октябрь
беларуская: 20 кастрычніка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 20 кастрычніка
भोजपुरी: 20 अक्टूबर
Bikol Central: Oktobre 20
български: 20 октомври
bosanski: 20. oktobar
brezhoneg: 20 Here
català: 20 d'octubre
Чӑвашла: Юпа, 20
Cebuano: Oktubre 20
čeština: 20. říjen
corsu: 20 uttrovi
Cymraeg: 20 Hydref
davvisámegiella: Golggotmánu 20.
Deutsch: 20. Oktober
ދިވެހިބަސް: އޮކްޓޫބަރު 20
Ελληνικά: 20 Οκτωβρίου
emiliàn e rumagnòl: 20 d'utóber
español: 20 de octubre
Esperanto: 20-a de oktobro
estremeñu: 20 outubri
euskara: Urriaren 20
فارسی: ۲۰ اکتبر
Fiji Hindi: 20 October
føroyskt: 20. oktober
français: 20 octobre
Frysk: 20 oktober
furlan: 20 di Otubar
Gàidhlig: 20 an Dàmhair
贛語: 10月20號
ગુજરાતી: ઓક્ટોબર ૨૦
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 10-ngie̍t 20-ngit
한국어: 10월 20일
հայերեն: Հոկտեմբերի 20
हिन्दी: २० अक्टूबर
hornjoserbsce: 20. oktobra
hrvatski: 20. listopada
Bahasa Hulontalo: 20 Oktober
Ilokano: Oktubre 20
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: অক্টোবর ২০
Bahasa Indonesia: 20 Oktober
interlingua: 20 de octobre
íslenska: 20. október
italiano: 20 ottobre
kalaallisut: Oktoberi 20
Kapampangan: Octubri 20
ქართული: 20 ოქტომბერი
kaszëbsczi: 20 pazdzérznika
қазақша: 20 қазан
Kiswahili: 20 Oktoba
Kreyòl ayisyen: 20 oktòb
ລາວ: 20 ຕຸລາ
Latina: 20 Octobris
latviešu: 20. oktobris
Lëtzebuergesch: 20. Oktober
lietuvių: Spalio 20
Limburgs: 20 oktober
Livvinkarjala: 20. ligakuudu
lumbaart: 20 10
magyar: Október 20.
मैथिली: २० अक्टुबर
македонски: 20 октомври
Malagasy: 20 Oktobra
മലയാളം: ഒക്ടോബർ 20
მარგალური: 20 გჷმათუთა
مصرى: 20 اكتوبر
Bahasa Melayu: 20 Oktober
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 10 nguŏk 20 hô̤
монгол: 10 сарын 20
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၂၀ အောက်တိုဘာ
Nederlands: 20 oktober
Nedersaksies: 20 oktober
नेपाली: २० अक्टोबर
नेपाल भाषा: अक्टोबर २०
日本語: 10月20日
Napulitano: 20 'e ottovre
нохчийн: 20 октябрь
norsk nynorsk: 20. oktober
Nouormand: 20 Octobre
occitan: 20 d'octobre
олык марий: 20 шыжа
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 20-oktabr
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 20 ਅਕਤੂਬਰ
Pangasinan: Oktubre 20
پنجابی: 20 اکتوبر
پښتو: 20 اکتوبر
Plattdüütsch: 20. Oktober
Ποντιακά: 20 Τρυγομηνά
português: 20 de outubro
Ripoarisch: 20. Oktoober
română: 20 octombrie
русиньскый: 20. октобер
русский: 20 октября
саха тыла: Алтынньы 20
संस्कृतम्: २० अक्तूबर
Scots: 20 October
Seeltersk: 20. Oktober
Sesotho sa Leboa: Diphalane 20
shqip: 20 tetor
sicilianu: 20 di uttùviru
Simple English: October 20
سنڌي: 20 آڪٽوبر
slovenčina: 20. október
slovenščina: 20. oktober
српски / srpski: 20. октобар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 20. 10.
Basa Sunda: 20 Oktober
svenska: 20 oktober
Tagalog: Oktubre 20
Taqbaylit: 20 tuber
татарча/tatarça: 20 октябрь
తెలుగు: అక్టోబర్ 20
тоҷикӣ: 20 октябр
Türkçe: 20 Ekim
Türkmençe: 20 oktýabr
удмурт: 20 коньывуон
українська: 20 жовтня
اردو: 20 اکتوبر
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: 20- ئۆكتەبىر
Vahcuengh: 10 nyied 20 hauh
vèneto: 20 de otobre
Tiếng Việt: 20 tháng 10
Volapük: Tobul 20
West-Vlams: 20 oktober
Winaray: Oktubre 20
Yorùbá: 20 October
粵語: 10月20號
Zeêuws: 20 oktober
žemaitėška: Spalė 20
中文: 10月20日