Occitanie

Occitanie
Occitània
Region
Flag of Occitanie
Flag
Coat of arms of Occitanie
Coat of arms
Occitanie in France 2016.svg
Country France
PrefectureToulouse
Departments
Government
 • PresidentCarole Delga (Socialist Party)
Area
 • Total72,724 km2 (28,079 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total5,774,185
 • Density79/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Occitanie (French: [ɔksitani] (About this sound listen); Occitan: Occitània [utsiˈtanjɔ]; Catalan: Occitània [uksiˈtaniə]) or Occitania[1] is an administrative region of France that was created on January 1st, 2016 from former French regions Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. France's Conseil d'État approved Occitanie as the new name of the region on September 28th 2016, effective from September 30th 2016.[2]

The modern administrative region is named after the cultural and historical region of Occitania, which covers a larger area. The modern administrative area covers a similar area to that ruled by the Counts of Toulouse in the 12th and 13th centuries. The banner of arms of those counts, known colloquially as the Occitan cross, is used by the modern region and is also a popular cultural symbol.

The new region covers an area of more than 72,724 km2 (28,079 sq mi) with a population of 5,626,858.[3] It borders Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Andorra (Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Ordino) and Spain (Aragon and Catalonia)

The historic cultural area of Occitania
The County of Toulouse in 1154 (shown in blue)

Toponymy

As the provisional name of the new region, the text of the law used the hyphenated names of the region's predecessors, Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées, in alphabetical order. As for most of the merged regions, a permanent name was proposed by the new regional council, thereby replacing the provisional name. [4][5][6] The new name, Occitanie, derives from the historical name of the broader region, which refers to the historic use of the Occitan language and its various dialects in the region, named for the use of the word òc as the equivalent of "yes."

Enacted in 2014, the territorial reform of the regions had been subject to debate for many years.[7] On June 24th 2016, the regional assembly of Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées adopted Occitanie after a lengthy public consultation.[8]

The regional assembly resolution distressed the circa 450,000 French Catalans (or Catalans of the North, as they mostly call themselves) living in the region, and who regarded the new name as ignoring their presence.[9] On September 10th 2016, about 10,000 people (according to organizers - the police stated they number as 7,800) demonstrated in Perpignan, demanding that the merged region name contained the words Pays Catalan (Catalan land).[10]

The provisional name of the region was withdrawn on September 30th 2016, when the new name of the region took effect.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oksitanië
Alemannisch: Region Okzitanien
العربية: أوسيتاني
azərbaycanca: Oksitaniya (region)
تۆرکجه: اکسیتنی
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аксытанія (рэгіён)
български: Окситания
Cebuano: Occitanie
dansk: Occitanie
فارسی: اکسیتنی
한국어: 옥시타니
Bahasa Indonesia: Ositania (region)
Latina: Occitania
Lëtzebuergesch: Occitanie
Limburgs: Occitanië
Nederlands: Occitanie
Nordfriisk: Oksitaanien
Scots: Occitanie
shqip: Oksitania
Simple English: Occitanie
српски / srpski: Окситанија
suomi: Occitanie
Türkçe: Occitanie
українська: Окситанія (регіон)
Tiếng Việt: Occitanie
West-Vlams: Occitanie
Winaray: Occitanie
粵語: 奧斯坦尼