Novial

Novial
Flag of Novial.svg
Created byOtto Jespersen
Date1928
Setting and usageinternational auxiliary language
Purpose
SourcesRomance and Germanic languages; also Occidental and Ido
Language codes
ISO 639-3nov
nov
GlottologNone
Linguasphere51-AAB-dc

Novial [nov- ("new") + IAL, International Auxiliary Language] is a constructed international auxiliary language (IAL) for universal communication between speakers of different native languages. It was devised by Otto Jespersen, a Danish linguist who had been involved in the Ido movement, and later in the development of Interlingua de IALA.

Its vocabulary is based largely on the Germanic and Romance languages and its grammar is influenced by English.

Novial was introduced in Jespersen's book An International Language in 1928.[1] It was updated in his dictionary Novial Lexike in 1930,[2] and further modifications were proposed in the 1930s, but the language became dormant with Jespersen's death in 1943.[3] In the 1990s, with the revival of interest in constructed languages brought on by the Internet, some people rediscovered Novial.[3]

An International Language

Novial was first described in Jespersen’s book An International Language (1928). Part One of the book discusses the need for an IAL, the disadvantages of ethnic languages for that purpose, and common objections to constructed IALs. He also provides a critical overview of the history of constructed IALs with sections devoted to Volapük, Esperanto, Idiom Neutral, Ido, Latino sine Flexione and Occidental (Interlingue). The author makes it clear that he draws on a wealth of earlier work on the problem of a constructed IAL, not only the aforementioned IALs.

Part Two of An International Language describes Novial in detail. Alternative possible solutions for problems in the phonology, orthography, grammar and vocabulary are considered. The choices made are explained by comparison with ethnic languages and previously constructed IALs.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Novial
አማርኛ: ኖቪያል
العربية: نوفيال
aragonés: Novial
azərbaycanca: Novial dili
تۆرکجه: نوویال دیلی
беларуская: Навіяль
bosanski: Novial
català: Novial
Чӑвашла: Новиаль
Cymraeg: Novial
dansk: Novial
Deutsch: Novial
eesti: Noviaal
Ελληνικά: Νόβιαλ
español: Novial
Esperanto: Novialo
فارسی: نوویال
français: Novial
Frysk: Novial
galego: Novial
한국어: 노비알
हिन्दी: नोवियाल
Ido: Novial
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Novial
interlingua: Novial
Interlingue: Novial
íslenska: Novial
italiano: Novial
Kapampangan: Novial
ქართული: ნოვიალი
Kreyòl ayisyen: Novial
latviešu: Novial
magyar: Novial nyelv
മലയാളം: നോവിയൽ ഭാഷ
Malti: Novial
Mirandés: Novial
Nederlands: Novial
日本語: ノヴィアル
norsk: Novial
Novial: Novial
پنجابی: نوویال
Piemontèis: Novial
polski: Novial
português: Novial
Runa Simi: Novial simi
русский: Новиаль
Scots: Novial
SiSwati: SíNovial
slovenščina: Novial
српски / srpski: Новијал
suomi: Novial
svenska: Novial
Tagalog: Wikang Novial
Türkçe: Novial
українська: Новіаль
اردو: نوویال
Volapük: Novial
中文: 诺维亚语
Lingua Franca Nova: Novial