Northland Region

Northland
Te Tai Tokerau
(Māori)
Country:New Zealand
Position of Northland.png
Regional council
Northland landscape at Parua Bay
Name:Northland Regional Council
Motto:Putting Northland First
Seat and largest city:Whangarei
Chair:Bill Shepherd
Deputy chair:Graeme Ramsey
Population:175,500 June 2017[1]
Land area:13,789 km2
Indigenous iwi:

Ngāi Takoto, Ngā Puhi, Ngāti Whātua, Ngāti Kahu, Ngāti Kurī, Ngāti Wai, Te Aupōuri, Te Rarawa Te Roroa

Website:http://www.nrc.govt.nz
Cities and towns
Cities:Whangarei
Towns:Kaitaia, Kaeo, Kawakawa, Moerewa, Kaikohe, Ohaeawai, Okaihau, Kerikeri, Russell, Paihia, Waitangi, Mangonui, Taipa, Opononi, Omapere, Rawene, Kohukohu, Ruakaka, Waipu, Kaiwaka, Mangawhai, Dargaville, Ruawai, Maungaturoto, Paparoa, Hikurangi
Constituent territorial authorities
Names:Far North District, Kaipara District, Whangarei District
A map showing population density in the Northland Region at the 2006 census

The Northland Region[2] (Māori: Te Tai Tokerau) is the northernmost of New Zealand's 16 local government regions. New Zealanders often call it the Far North, or, because of its mild climate, the Winterless North. The main population centre is the city of Whangarei and the largest town is Kerikeri.

Geography

The Northland Region occupies the northern 80% (265 kilometres) of the 330 kilometre-long Northland Peninsula, the southernmost part of which is in the Auckland Region.[3] Stretching from a line where the peninsula narrows to a width of just 15 kilometres a little north of the town of Wellsford, Northland Region extends north to the tip of the Northland Peninsula, covering an area of 13,940 km2, a little over five per cent of the country's total area. It is bounded to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the east by the Pacific Ocean. The land is predominantly rolling hill country. Farming and forestry occupy over half of the land, and are two of the region's main industries.[3]

Although many of the region's kauri forests were felled during the 19th century, some areas still exist where this rare giant grows tall. New Zealand's largest tree, Tāne Mahuta, stands in the Waipoua Forest south of the Hokianga Harbour.

The western coast is dominated by several long straight beaches, the most famous of which is the inaccurately named 88 kilometre-long stretch of Ninety Mile Beach in the region's far north. The slightly longer Ripiro Beach lies further south. Two large inlets are also located on this coast, the massive Kaipara Harbour in the south, which Northland shares with the Auckland Region, and the convoluted inlets of the Hokianga Harbour.

The east coast is more rugged, and is dotted with bays and peninsulas. Several large natural harbours are found on this coast, from Parengarenga close to the region's northern tip, then Whangaroa Harbour, and past the famous Bay of Islands down to Whangarei Harbour, on the shores of which is situated the largest population centre. Numerous islands dot this coast, notably the Cavalli Islands, the Hen and Chickens Islands, Aorangaia Island and the Poor Knights Islands.

The northernmost points of the North Island mainland lie at the top of Northland. These include several points often confused in the public mind as being the country's northernmost points: Cape Maria van Diemen, Spirits Bay, Cape Reinga, and North Cape. The northernmost point of the North Island is actually the Surville Cliffs, close to North Cape, although the northernmost point of the country is further north in the Kermadec chain of islands. Cape Reinga and Spirits Bay do, however, have a symbolic part to play as the end of the country. In Māori mythology, it is from here that the souls of the dead depart on their journey to the afterlife.

Northland is New Zealand's least urbanised region, with 50% of the population of 175,500 living in urban areas. Whangarei is the largest urban area, with a population of 57,700 (June 2017s).[1] The region's population is largely concentrated along the east coast. During the five-year period up to 2006, Northland recorded a population growth of 6.0 percent, slightly below the national average. Northland includes one of the fastest growing towns in New Zealand, Mangawhai, which is expanding rapidly due to residential and subsequent commercial development.

# Communities with more than 1,000 people 2014
1 Whangarei 54,400
2 Kerikeri 7,110
3 Kaitaia 5,580
4 Dargaville 4,780
5 Kaikohe 4,370
6 Ruakaka 2,916
7 Paihia 1,880
8 Mangawhai 1,665
9 Taipa-Mangonui 1,800
10 Moerewa 1,600
11 Waipu 1,490
12 Hikurangi 1,420
13 Kawakawa 1,400
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Northland
Bân-lâm-gú: Northland Tōa-khu
Cebuano: Northland
español: Northland
Esperanto: Nordia Regiono
Gàidhlig: Northland Region
hrvatski: Northland
Bahasa Indonesia: Region Northland
italiano: Northland
македонски: Нортленд
Bahasa Melayu: Wilayah Northland
Nederlands: Northland
norsk: Northland
română: Northland
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Northland (regija)
suomi: Northland
svenska: Northland
українська: Нортленд (регіон)
Tiếng Việt: Northland (vùng)
中文: 北地大区