Rohingya people are an
ethnic minority that mainly live in the northern region of
Myanmar, and have been described as one of the world's most persecuted minorities.
 They describe themselves as descendants of
Arab traders and other groups who settled in the region many generations ago.
 After riots in 2012, academic authors used the term Rohingya to refer to the Muslim community in northern Rakhine. For example, Professor Andrew Selth of
Griffith University uses "Rohingya" but states "These are Bengali Muslims who live in Arakan State...most Rohingyas arrived with the British colonialists in the 19th and 20th centuries." Among the overseas Rohingya community, the term has been gaining popularity since the 1990s, though a considerable portion of Muslims in northern Rakhine are unfamiliar with the term and prefer to use alternatives.
 Scholars have stated that they have been present in the region since the 15th century.
 However, they have been denied citizenship by the government of Myanmar, which describes them as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.
In modern times, the
persecution of Rohingyas in Myanmar dates back to the 1970s.
 Since then, Rohingya people have regularly been made the target of persecution by the government and
 The tension between various religious groups in the country had often been exploited by the past military governments of Myanmar.
 According to
Amnesty International, the Rohingya have suffered from human rights violations under past
military dictatorships since 1978, and many have fled to neighbouring Bangladesh as a result.
 In 2005, the
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees had assisted with the repatriation of Rohingyas from Bangladesh, but allegations of human rights abuses in the refugee camps threatened this effort.
 In 2015, 140,000 Rohingyas remained in
IDP camps after
communal riots in 2012.