North Sea flood of 1962

1962 North Sea flood
Hamburg Sturmflut 007.jpg
Flooded streets in Hamburg-Wilhelmsburg
Date16–17 February 1962
LocationNorth Sea coast of Germany and the Netherlands
Death(s)347[1]
Property damageDM 3 billion (Hamburg only)[2]
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Map of flooded areas of Hamburg 1962

The North Sea flood of 1962 was a natural disaster affecting mainly the coastal regions of Germany and in particular the city of Hamburg in the night from 16 February to 17 February 1962. In total, the homes of about 60,000 people were destroyed, and the death toll amounted to 315 in Hamburg. In addition, three people were killed in the United Kingdom by high winds, which damaged around 175,000 houses in the worst affected city, Sheffield.[3]

Causes

The flood was caused by the Vincinette low-pressure system,[4] approaching the German Bight from the southern Polar Sea. A European windstorm with peak wind speeds of 200 km/h pushed water into the German Bight, leading to a water surge the dykes could not withstand. Breaches along the coast and the rivers Elbe and Weser led to widespread flooding of huge areas. In Hamburg, on the river Elbe, but a full 100 km away from the coast, the residential areas of Wilhelmsburg was most affected.