North British Railway
North British Railway in 1922
|Dates of operation||1844–1923|
|4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) |
|Length||1,377 miles (2,216 km)|
The North British Railway was a British railway company, based in
Nonetheless the Company successfully reached Carlisle, where it later made a partnership with the
Early on, mineral traffic became dominant and brought in much more revenue than the passenger services.
At the grouping of the railways in 1923, the North British Railway was the largest railway company in Scotland, and the fifth largest in the United Kingdom. In that year it became a constituent of the new
Early railways in Scotland had been mainly involved with conveyance of minerals—chiefly coal and limestone in the earliest times—a short distance to a river or coastal harbour for onward transport. The opening of the
During the construction of the E&GR, the money market had eased somewhat and a rapid development of long distance railways took place in England. Scottish promoters began to consider how central Scotland could be connected to the growing English network, and a Government commission was established to determine the approved route. It was assumed for some time that only a single route was commercially viable. The Commission, the Smith-Barlow Commission, deliberated for some time and presented an ambiguous report, and public opinion had moved on: numerous schemes for railways were proposed, not all of them practicable.
During this frenzy, a group of businesspeople formed the North British Railway Company to build a line from Edinburgh to Berwick (later named