Norfolk

Norfolk
County
Flag of Norfolk.svg
Flag
Norfolk UK locator map 2010.svg
Norfolk in England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
RegionEast of England
EstablishedAnglo-Saxon period[1]
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantRichard Jewson
High SheriffCharles Jonathon Watt [2](2018-19)
Area5,372 km2 (2,074 sq mi)
 • Ranked5th of 48
Population (mid-2017 est.)898,400
 • Ranked25th of 48
Density166/km2 (430/sq mi)
Ethnicity96.5% white[3]
Non-metropolitan county
County councilArms of Norfolk.svg
Norfolk County Council
ExecutiveConservative
Admin HQNorwich
Area5,372 km2 (2,074 sq mi)
 • Ranked of 27
Population898,400
 • Ranked7th of 27
Density166/km2 (430/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-NFK
ONS code33
NUTSUKH13
Websitewww.norfolk.gov.uk
Norfolk numbered districts.svg
Districts of Norfolk
Districts
  1. Norwich
  2. South Norfolk
  3. Great Yarmouth
  4. Broadland
  5. North Norfolk
  6. King's Lynn and West Norfolk
  7. Breckland
Members of Parliament
PoliceNorfolk Constabulary
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)

Norfolk (k/) is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and, to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich.With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile (155 per km²). Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000).[4]

The Broads is a network of rivers and lakes in the east of the county, extending south into Suffolk. The area is not a national park[5] although it is marketed as such. It has similar status to a national park, and is protected by the Broads Authority.[6]

History

Norfolk was settled in pre-Roman times, with camps along the higher land in the west, where flints could be quarried.[7] A Brythonic tribe, the Iceni, inhabited the county from the 1st century BC to the end of the 1st century AD. The Iceni revolted against the Roman invasion in AD 47, and again in 60 led by Boudica. The crushing of the second rebellion opened the county to the Romans. During the Roman era roads and ports were constructed throughout the county and farming was widespread.

Situated on the east coast, Norfolk was vulnerable to invasions from Scandinavia and Northern Europe, and forts were built to defend against the Angles and Saxons. By the 5th century the Angles, after whom East Anglia and England itself are named, had established control of the region and later became the "north folk" and the "south folk", hence, "Norfolk" and "Suffolk". Norfolk, Suffolk and several adjacent areas became the kingdom of East Anglia (one of the heptarchy), which later merged with Mercia and then with Wessex. The influence of the Early English settlers can be seen in the many place names ending in "-ton" and "-ham". Endings such as "-by" and "-thorpe" are also common, indicating Danish place names: in the 9th century the region again came under attack, this time from Danes who killed the king, Edmund the Martyr. In the centuries before the Norman Conquest the wetlands of the east of the county began to be converted to farmland, and settlements grew in these areas. Migration into East Anglia must have been high: by the time of the Domesday Book survey it was one of the most densely populated parts of the British Isles. During the high and late Middle Ages the county developed arable agriculture and woollen industries. Norfolk's prosperity at that time is evident from the county's large number of medieval churches: out of an original total of over one thousand, 659 have survived, more than in the whole of the rest of Great Britain.[8] The economy was in decline by the time of the Black Death, which dramatically reduced the population in 1349. By the 16th century Norwich had grown to become the second-largest city in England, but over one-third of its population died in the plague epidemic of 1579,[9] and in 1665 the Great Plague again killed around one-third of the population.[10] During the English Civil War Norfolk was largely Parliamentarian. The economy and agriculture of the region declined somewhat. During the Industrial Revolution Norfolk developed little industry except in Norwich which was a late addition to the railway network.

In the 20th century the county developed a role in aviation. The first development in airfields came with the First World War; there was then a massive expansion during the Second World War with the growth of the Royal Air Force and the influx of the American USAAF 8th Air Force which operated from many Norfolk airfields.

For the local army regiments the Royal Norfolk Regiment and the Norfolk Yeomanry please click on the links.

During the Second World War agriculture rapidly intensified, and it has remained very intensive since, with the establishment of large fields for growing cereals and oilseed rape.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Norfolk
Ænglisc: Norþfolc
العربية: نورفك
asturianu: Norfolk
azərbaycanca: Norfolk
Bân-lâm-gú: Norfolk
беларуская: Норфалк (графства)
български: Норфолк
brezhoneg: Norfolk
català: Norfolk
čeština: Norfolk
Cymraeg: Norfolk
dansk: Norfolk
Deutsch: Norfolk
eesti: Norfolk
español: Norfolk
Esperanto: Norfolk (Anglio)
euskara: Norfolk
فارسی: نورفک
français: Norfolk (comté)
Gaeilge: Norfolk
Gaelg: Norfolk
한국어: 노퍽 주
हिन्दी: नॉर्फ़क
Bahasa Indonesia: Norfolk
interlingua: Norfolk
Ирон: Норфолк
íslenska: Norfolk
italiano: Norfolk
kernowek: Norfolk
Kiswahili: Norfolk
Latina: Norfolcia
Lëtzebuergesch: Norfolk
lietuvių: Norfolkas
magyar: Norfolk
मराठी: नॉरफोक
მარგალური: ნორფოლკი
norsk: Norfolk
norsk nynorsk: Norfolk
پنجابی: نارفوک
português: Norfolk
română: Norfolk
Runa Simi: Norfolk
русский: Норфолк
Scots: Norfolk
Simple English: Norfolk
slovenčina: Norfolk (Anglicko)
slovenščina: Norfolk
српски / srpski: Норфок (грофовија)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Norfolk
suomi: Norfolk
svenska: Norfolk
Türkçe: Norfolk
українська: Норфолк
اردو: نورفک
Tiếng Việt: Norfolk
Volapük: Norfolk
West-Vlams: Norfolk
Winaray: Norfolk
ייִדיש: נארפאלק
粵語: 諾福郡
中文: 诺福克郡