Nordhausen (district)

Nordhausen
District
Coat of arms of Nordhausen
Coat of arms
Thuringia NDH.svg
Country Germany
StateThuringia
CapitalNordhausen
Government
 • District admin.Matthias Jendricke (SPD)
Area
 • Total713.92 km2 (275.65 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total84,697
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationNDH
Websitewww.landratsamt-nordhausen.de

Nordhausen is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise): Harz and Mansfeld-Südharz in Saxony-Anhalt; Kyffhäuserkreis and Eichsfeld in Thuringia; and Göttingen and Goslar in Lower Saxony.

History

The district was created in 1815, when the Prussian province of Saxony was created. The area of Lohra-Clettenberg (the former dukedom County Hohnstein) and the previously free imperial city of Nordhausen were thereafter administrated together. In 1882-3 Nordhausen left the district, which led to its renaming as the Kreis Grafschaft Hohenstein (district county of Hohenstein) in 1888. After World War II the name reverted to Landkreis Nordhausen, and in 1950 the city of Nordhausen was reincorporated into the district. In the administrative reform of 1952 several municipalities changed districts: a number were transferred from the district of Sangerhausen to that of Nordhausen, while others were transferred from Nordhausen to the districts of Worbis, Wernigerode, Sondershausen, and Sangerhausen.

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