Nikolai Podgorny

Nikolai Podgorny
Никола́й Подго́рный
Podgorny1963.jpg
Podgorny in 1963
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
In office
9 December 1965 – 16 June 1977
Preceded byAnastas Mikoyan
Succeeded byLeonid Brezhnev
Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
In office
14 October 1964 – 6 December 1965
Preceded byLeonid Brezhnev
Succeeded byMikhail Suslov
First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine
In office
26 December 1957 – 2 July 1963
Preceded byAlexei Kirichenko
Succeeded byPetro Shelest
Full member of the 20th/21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th & 25th, Politburo
In office
4 May 1960 – 24 May 1977
Candidate member of the 20th/21st Politburo
In office
18 June 1958 – 4 May 1960
Member of the 22nd Secretariat
In office
22 June 1963 – 6 December 1965
Personal details
Born18 February [O.S. 5 February] 1903
Karlovka, Russian Empire
Died12 January 1983(1983-01-12) (aged 79)
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
NationalitySoviet
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s)Natalya Nikolayevna Podgornaya (1908–1995)
ChildrenNatalia and Lesia
ProfessionMechanical engineer,[1] civil servant
Signature

Nikolai Viktorovich Podgorny (Russian: Никола́й Ви́кторович Подго́рный, IPA: [nʲɪkɐˈlaj ˈvʲiktərəvʲɪtɕ pɐdˈgornɨj], Ukrainian: Микола Вікторович Підгорний; 18 February [O.S. 5 February] 1903 – 12 January 1983) was a Soviet Ukrainian statesman during the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine from 1957 to 1963 and as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1965 to 1977. He was replaced as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1977 by General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev. That same year he lost his seat in the Political Bureau (Politburo) and was forced to resign from active politics.

Podgorny was born in the city of Karlovka in 1903 to a Ukrainian working-class family. He graduated in from a local worker's school in 1926, and in 1931 from the Kiev Technological Institute of Food Industry. He became a member of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) in 1930. Like his friend and ally Andrei Kirilenko, Podgorny climbed up the Soviet hierarchy through the industrial ladder (delivering the production goals set by the bureaucrats in charge of the centrally planned economy). By 1953 he had become Second Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine. After Anastas Mikoyan's resignation, Podgorny was voted into office as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. After Premier Alexei Kosygin's fall from favour Podgorny became behind Brezhnev the second most powerful figure in the Soviet Union until his removal as head of state in 1977.[2]

Early life

Podgorny was born on 18 February [O.S. 5 February] 1903 in Karlovka, Russian Empire, to a Ukrainian working-class family. Podgorny started work at the age of 17 as a student at the mechanical workshops in Karlovka. After the Russian Revolution Podgorny became one of the founders of the Karlovka Komsomol. He served as a Secretary of the Komsomol from 1921 to 1923. In 1926 Podgorny graduated from a local workers' school, and then from the Kiev Technological Institute of Food Industry in 1931. In 1930, Podgorny became a member of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks). Following his graduation Podgorny started working in the sugar industry. He was promoted to deputy chief engineer of Vinnytsia in 1937 and was promoted in 1939 as the chief engineer of the Kamenetz-Podolsk Oblast sugar trusts. By the end of 1939 Podgorny had become Deputy People's Commissar for Food Industry of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR). The next year Podgorny was appointed Deputy People's Commissar for Food Industry of the Soviet Union.[3]

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