Nicole Oresme

Nicole Oresme
Oresme.jpg
Portrait of Nicole Oresme: Miniature from Oresme's Traité de l'espère, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, France, fonds français 565, fol. 1r.
Bornc. 1325
Fleury-sur-Orne, Normandy, France
Died11 July 1382
Lisieux, Normandy, France
Alma materCollege of Navarre, Paris
EraMedieval philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolNominalism[1]
InstitutionsUniversity of Paris
Main interests
Natural philosophy, astronomy, theology, mathematics
Notable ideas
Rectangular co-ordinates, first proof of the divergence of the harmonic series

Nicole Oresme (French: [nikɔl ɔʁɛm];[5] c. 1320–1325 – July 11, 1382), also known as Nicolas Oresme, Nicholas Oresme, or Nicolas d'Oresme, was a significant philosopher of the later Middle Ages. He wrote influential works on economics, mathematics, physics, astrology and astronomy, philosophy, and theology; was Bishop of Lisieux, a translator, a counselor of King Charles V of France, and probably one of the most original thinkers of 14th-century Europe.[6]

Oresme's life

Nicole Oresme was born c. 1320–1325 in the village of Allemagnes (today's Fleury-sur-Orne) in the vicinity of Caen, Normandy, in the diocese of Bayeux. Practically nothing is known concerning his family. The fact that Oresme attended the royally sponsored and subsidized College of Navarre, an institution for students too poor to pay their expenses while studying at the University of Paris, makes it probable that he came from a peasant family.[7]

Oresme studied the "arts" in Paris, together with Jean Buridan (the so-called founder of the French school of natural philosophy), Albert of Saxony and perhaps Marsilius of Inghen, and there received the Magister Artium. He was already a regent master in arts by 1342, during the crisis over William of Ockham's natural philosophy.[8]

In 1348, he was a student of theology in Paris. In 1356, he received his doctorate and in the same year he became grand master (grand-maître) of the College of Navarre. In 1364, he was appointed dean of the Cathedral of Rouen. Around 1369, he began a series of translations of Aristotelian works at the request of Charles V, who granted him a pension in 1371 and, with royal support, was appointed bishop of Lisieux in 1377. In 1382, he died in Lisieux.[9]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Nikolaus von Oresme
العربية: نيكول أورسمه
azərbaycanca: Nikola Orem
čeština: Mikuláš Oresme
español: Nicolás Oresme
français: Nicole Oresme
Bahasa Indonesia: Nikolas Oresme
italiano: Nicola d'Oresme
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nicole Oresme
português: Nicole d'Oresme
română: Nicole Oresme
русский: Орем, Николай
slovenčina: Mikuláš z Oresme
slovenščina: Nicole Oresme
Türkçe: Oresme
українська: Микола Орезмський
Tiếng Việt: Nicole Oresme