New World warbler

New World warbler
Protonotaria-citrea-002 edit.jpg
Prothonotary warbler (Protonotaria citrea)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Superfamily:Passeroidea
Family:Parulidae
Wetmore et al., 1947
Species

See text

Synonyms

Mniotiltidae

The New World warblers or wood-warblers are a group of small, often colorful, passerine birds that make up the family Parulidae and are restricted to the New World. They are not closely related to Old World warblers or Australian warblers. Most are arboreal, but some, like the ovenbird and the two waterthrushes, are primarily terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores.

This group likely originated in northern Central America, where the greatest number of species and diversity between them is found. From there, they spread north during the interglacial periods, mainly as migrants, returning to the ancestral region in winter. Two genera, Myioborus and Basileuterus, seem to have colonized South America early, perhaps before the two continents were linked, and together constitute most warbler species of that region.

The scientific name for the family, Parulidae, originates from the fact that Linnaeus in 1758 named the northern parula as a tit, Parus americanus, and as taxonomy developed, the genus name was modified first to Parulus and then to Parula. The family name derives from the name for the genus.

Taxonomy

The family Parulidae was introduced for the New World warblers in 1947 by the American ornithologist Alexander Wetmore and colleagues with Parula as the type genus.[1]

Other Languages
asturianu: Parulidae
brezhoneg: Parulidae
català: Parúlid
Cebuano: Parulidae
čeština: Lesňáčkovití
Deutsch: Waldsänger
español: Parulidae
Esperanto: Paruliedoj
euskara: Parulidae
français: Parulidae
italiano: Parulidae
norsk: Parulaer
norsk nynorsk: Parulaer
português: Parulidae
suomi: Kerttulit
svenska: Skogssångare
українська: Піснярові
Tiếng Việt: Parulidae
Winaray: Parulidae
中文: 森莺科