New Kingdom of León

New Kingdom of León
Nuevo Reino de León
Spanish colony
1582–1821
Flag of New Kingdom of León
Flag
Coat of arms of Phillip II of Spain.
Viceroyalty of New Spain in 1819.
Viceroyalty of New Spain in 1819.
StatusColony
CapitalMonterrey
Common languagesSpanish
Religion Roman Catholicism
GovernmentMonarchy
King of Spain 
• January 16, 1556 - September 13, 1598
Philip II
• 1813–1821
Ferdinand VII
Royal Governor 
• 1580–1588
Luis de Carabajal y Cueva
• 1795–1810
Simón de Herrera y Leyva
Population
• 1790
43,739
CurrencySpanish colonial real
Succeeded by
First Mexican Empire
Today part of Mexico

The New Kingdom of León (Spanish: Nuevo Reino de León), was an administrative territory of the Spanish Empire, politically ruled by the Viceroyalty of New Spain. It was located in an area corresponding generally to the present-day northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo León.

Origins

It was founded in 1582 by Spanish and Portuguese settlers when Philip II, King of Spain and its colonies, encouraged the colonization of Northern New Spain, and authorized the creation of a 'realm' which would have the name of Nuevo Reyno de León (New Kingdom of León), after the former Kingdom of León in Spain. Philip granted Luis de Carabajal y Cueva the title of first governor and captain-general of this new province in New Spain. The foundation of this realm was a crucial event which potentially helped the subsequent Spanish settlements in Texas.

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