New Hampshire

New Hampshire
State of New Hampshire
Nickname(s): 
the Granite State[1]
the White Mountain State[2]
Motto(s): 
Anthem: "Old New Hampshire"[3]
Map of the United States with New Hampshire highlighted
Map of the United States with New Hampshire highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of New Hampshire
Admitted to the UnionJune 21, 1788 (9th)
CapitalConcord
44°00′N 71°30′W / 44°00′N 71°30′W / 44; -71.5
New Hampshire state symbols
Flag of New Hampshire.svg
Seal of New Hampshire.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianRed-spotted newt
Notophthalmus viridescens
BirdPurple finch
Haemorhous purpureus
ButterflyKarner Blue
Lycaeides melissa samuelis
Dog breedChinook
FishFreshwater: Brook trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Saltwater: Striped bass
Morone saxatilis
FlowerPurple lilac
Syringa vulgaris
InsectLadybug
Coccinellidae
MammalWhite-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginianus
TreeWhite birch
Betula papyrifera
Inanimate insignia
FoodFruit: Pumpkin
Vegetable: White Potato
GemstoneSmoky quartz
MineralBeryl
RockGranite
SportSkiing
TartanNew Hampshire State Tartan
State route marker
New Hampshire state route marker
State quarter
New Hampshire quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols

New Hampshire (ər/) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 5th smallest by area and the 10th least populous U.S. state.

Concord is the state capital, while Manchester is the largest city. It has no general sales tax, nor income tax other than on interest and dividends. The New Hampshire primary is the first primary in the U.S. presidential election cycle. Its license plates carry the state motto, "Live Free or Die". The state's nickname, "The Granite State", refers to its extensive granite formations and quarries.[11]

In January 1776, it became the first of the British North American colonies to establish a government independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain's authority, and it was the first to establish its own state constitution. Six months later, it became one of the original 13 colonies that signed the United States Declaration of Independence, and in June 1788 it was the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect.

Historically, New Hampshire was a major center for textile manufacturing, shoemaking, and papermaking, with Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester at one time being the largest cotton textile plant in the world. Numerous mills were located along various rivers in the state, especially the Merrimack and Connecticut rivers. Many French Canadians migrated to New Hampshire to work the mills in the late 19th and early 20th century; New Hampshire still ranks second among states by percentage of people claiming French American ancestry, with 24.5% of the state identifying as such.

Manufacturing centers such as Manchester, Nashua, and Berlin were hit hard in the 1930s–1940s, as major manufacturing industries left New England and moved to the southern United States or overseas, reflecting nationwide trends. In the 1950s and 1960s, defense contractors moved into many of the former mills, such as Sanders Associates in Nashua, and the population of southern New Hampshire surged beginning in the 1980s as major highways connected the region to Greater Boston and established several bedroom communities in the state.

With some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing, snowmobiling, and other winter sports, hiking and mountaineering (Mount Monadnock in the state's southwestern corner is among the most climbed mountains in the U.S.), observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway, and Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach in Laconia in June. The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, and has the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot (1,917 m) Mount Washington.

Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, rock musician Ronnie James Dio, author Dan Brown, actor Adam Sandler, inventor Dean Kamen, comedians Sarah Silverman and Seth Meyers, restaurateurs Richard and Maurice McDonald, and President of the United States Franklin Pierce.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: New Hampshire
العربية: نيوهامبشير
aragonés: Nueva Hampshire
asturianu: New Hampshire
Avañe'ẽ: New Hampshire
azərbaycanca: Nyu-Hempşir
Bân-lâm-gú: New Hampshire
беларуская: Нью-Гэмпшыр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нью-Гэмпшыр
Bikol Central: New Hampshire
Bislama: Niu Hampshire
български: Ню Хампшър
Boarisch: New Hampshire
bosanski: New Hampshire
brezhoneg: New Hampshire
буряад: Нью-Гэмпшир
català: Nou Hampshire
Чӑвашла: Çĕнĕ Гэмпшир
Cebuano: New Hampshire
čeština: New Hampshire
Chavacano de Zamboanga: New Hampshire
Cymraeg: New Hampshire
davvisámegiella: New Hampshire
Deutsch: New Hampshire
Ελληνικά: Νιου Χάμσαϊρ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: New Hampshire
español: Nuevo Hampshire
Esperanto: Nov-Hampŝiro
euskara: New Hampshire
Fiji Hindi: New Hampshire
føroyskt: New Hampshire
français: New Hampshire
Gaeilge: New Hampshire
Gàidhlig: Hampshire Nuadh
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: New Hampshire
хальмг: Нью-Хэмпшир
한국어: 뉴햄프셔주
Hawaiʻi: Nū Hamekia
հայերեն: Նյու Հեմփշիր
Արեւմտահայերէն: Նոր Հեմփշայր
hornjoserbsce: New Hampshire
hrvatski: Novi Hampshire
Ilokano: New Hampshire
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নিউ হ্যাম্পশায়ার
Bahasa Indonesia: New Hampshire
interlingua: New Hampshire
Interlingue: Nov-Hampshire
íslenska: New Hampshire
italiano: New Hampshire
Kabɩyɛ: Niwu Hamsirii
Kapampangan: New Hampshire
ქართული: ნიუ-ჰემფშირი
қазақша: Нью-Гэмпшир
Kiswahili: New Hampshire
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nou Anpchi
Кыргызча: Нью-Хемпшир
кырык мары: Нью-Гэмпшир
لۊری شومالی: نیوٙھامپشایئر
latviešu: Ņūhempšīra
Lëtzebuergesch: New Hampshire
Limburgs: New Hampshire
Lingua Franca Nova: New Hampshire
lumbaart: New Hampshire
македонски: Њу Хемпшир
Malagasy: New Hampshire
მარგალური: ნიუ-ჰემპშირი
مازِرونی: نیوهمشایر
Bahasa Melayu: New Hampshire
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: New Hampshire
монгол: Нью-Хэмпшир
Dorerin Naoero: New Hampshire
Nederlands: New Hampshire
нохчийн: Нью-Гэмпшир
Nordfriisk: New Hampshire
norsk nynorsk: New Hampshire
олык марий: Нью-Гэмпшир
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nyu-Xempshir
Piemontèis: New Hampshire
Plattdüütsch: New Hampshire
português: Nova Hampshire
română: New Hampshire
rumantsch: New Hampshire
русский: Нью-Гэмпшир
саха тыла: Нью Хэмпшир
Seeltersk: New Hampshire
sicilianu: New Hampshire
Simple English: New Hampshire
slovenčina: New Hampshire
slovenščina: New Hampshire
ślůnski: New Hampshire
српски / srpski: Њу Хемпшир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: New Hampshire
svenska: New Hampshire
Tagalog: New Hampshire
Taqbaylit: New Hampshire
татарча/tatarça: Нью-Һәмпшир
тоҷикӣ: Ню-Ҳэмпшир
Türkçe: New Hampshire
українська: Нью-Гемпшир
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Yéngi Xampishir Shitati
Tiếng Việt: New Hampshire
Volapük: New Hampshire
Winaray: New Hampshire
ייִדיש: ניו העמפשער
Yorùbá: New Hampshire
粵語: 紐咸西州
Zeêuws: New Hampshire
žemaitėška: Naus Hampšīrs