Neiva, Huila

Neiva
City
Municipio de Neiva
From left to right: Neiva downtown, sunset, sunrise, and La Toma Av. at night.
From left to right: Neiva downtown, sunset, sunrise, and La Toma Av. at night.
Flag of Neiva
Flag
Official seal of Neiva
Seal
Nickname(s): "Magdalena River's Capital"
Location in the Huila Department. Urban in red, municipality in dark gray
Location in the Huila Department. Urban in red, municipality in dark gray
Neiva is located in Colombia
Neiva
Neiva
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 2°59′55″N 75°18′16″W / 2°59′55″N 75°18′16″W / 2.99861; -75.30444
Country Colombia
RegionAndean
DepartmentHuila
FoundationMay 24, 1612
Government
 • MayorRodrigo Armando Lara Sánchez
Area
 • Total1,553 km2 (600 sq mi)
Elevation442 m (1,450 ft)
Population (2005-2006 Census)
 • Total372,859
 • Density240/km2 (620/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Neivano
Time zoneUTC-05 (Eastern Time Zone)
Postal code410001-18
Area code(s)57 + 8
Anthem"Hoy a Neiva Cantad Corazones"
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

Neiva (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnei̯.βa]) is the capital of the Department of Huila. It is located in the valley of the Magdalena River in south central Colombia with a population of about 378,857 inhabitants. It is one of the most important cities in southern Colombia, mainly because of its strategic geographical location.

History

Neiva was first founded in 1539 by Juan de Cabrera in an area now belonging to the municipality of Campoalegre. In 1550, Juan de Alonso y Arias relocated the city to the place that is now the municipality of Villavieja. At this location, the city was destroyed by indigenous tribes in 1560. The city was founded, at its actual location, for the third and final time in 1612 by Diego de Ospina y Medinilla.

Neiva became important during the colonial times because of its strategic location. It was located in the trade route that communicated the Viceroyalty of Peru with Bogotá and Caracas. The city was declared as the capital of the Province of Neiva, made up of the Neiva, La Plata, Timaná, Purificación cabildos. In 1905 the city became the capital of the newly created Huila Department, which had been severed from the Tolima Department by the national government.

In 1967, the city was hit severely by an earthquake of magnitude 7.2. The earthquake destroyed several buildings including the Palacio de las 57 ventanas, the Governor's building.

In 2003 the city was the scene of a large bombing that was targeted at the Colombian President. 13 people were killed.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Neiva (Huila)
беларуская: Нейва (Калумбія)
български: Нейва
català: Neiva
Deutsch: Neiva
español: Neiva
Esperanto: Neiva
français: Neiva
Gàidhlig: Neiva
Bahasa Indonesia: Neiva
italiano: Neiva
ქართული: ნეივა
lietuvių: Neiva
Bahasa Melayu: Neiva, Huila
Nederlands: Neiva (Huila)
日本語: ネイバ
norsk: Neiva
پنجابی: نیوا
polski: Neiva
português: Neiva (Colômbia)
română: Neiva, Huila
Runa Simi: Neiva
suomi: Neiva
svenska: Neiva
Türkçe: Neiva
українська: Нейва
Tiếng Việt: Neiva
Volapük: Neiva
Winaray: Neiva
中文: 内瓦