Pietro Pajetta - Der Hass - 1896.jpg
The Hatred, painted by Pietro Pajetta, 1896.

Necrophilia, also known as necrophilism, necrolagnia, necrocoitus, necrochlesis, and thanatophilia,[1] is a sexual attraction or sexual act which involves corpses. It is classified as a paraphilia by ICD10 published by the WHO and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association.[2]

Rosman and Resnick (1989) reviewed information from 34 cases of necrophilia describing the individuals' motivations for their behaviors: these individuals reported the desire to possess a non-resisting and non-rejecting partner (68%), reunions with a romantic partner (21%), sexual attraction to corpses (15%), comfort or overcoming feelings of isolation (15%), or seeking self-esteem by expressing power over a homicide victim (12%).[3]

Origins of term

The term 'necrophilia' is thought to have been coined by Belgian physician Joseph Guislain in his Leçons Orales sur les Phrénopathies, in a lecture given around 1850, in reference to contemporary necrophile François Bertrand:[4][incomplete short citation]

It is within the category of the destructive madmen [aliénés destructeurs] that one needs to situate certain patients to whom I would like to give the name of necrophiliacs [nécrophiles]. The alienists have adopted, as a new form, the case of Sergeant Bertrand, the disinterrer of cadavers on whom all the newspapers have recently reported. However, don't think that we are dealing here with a form of phrenopathy which appears for the first time. The ancients, in speaking about lycanthropy, have cited examples to which one can more or less relate the case which has just attracted the public attention so strongly.

The term was popularized about a decade later by psychiatrist Bénédict Morel, who also discussed Bertrand.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Nekrofilie
العربية: جماع الأموات
azərbaycanca: Nekrofiliya
беларуская: Некрафілія
български: Некрофилия
bosanski: Nekrofilija
brezhoneg: Nekrofiliezh
català: Necrofília
čeština: Nekrofilie
dansk: Nekrofili
Deutsch: Nekrophilie
Ελληνικά: Νεκροφιλία
español: Necrofilia
Esperanto: Kadavramemo
euskara: Nekrofilia
français: Nécrophilie
galego: Necrofilia
հայերեն: Նեկրոֆիլիա
हिन्दी: शव कामुकता
hrvatski: Nekrofilija
Bahasa Indonesia: Nekrofilia
italiano: Necrofilia
עברית: נקרופיליה
ქართული: ნეკროფილია
lietuvių: Nekrofilija
македонски: Некрофилија
Nederlands: Necrofilie
日本語: 屍姦
norsk: Nekrofili
norsk nynorsk: Nekrofili
polski: Nekrofilia
português: Necrofilia
română: Necrofilie
русский: Некрофилия
Simple English: Necrophilia
slovenčina: Nekrofília
slovenščina: Nekrofilija
српски / srpski: Некрофилија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nekrofilija
suomi: Nekrofilia
svenska: Nekrofili
Tagalog: Necrophilia
Türkçe: Nekrofili
українська: Некрофілія
Tiếng Việt: Ái tử thi
中文: 戀屍