Nazi Party

National Socialist German Workers' Party
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
Führer
FounderAnton Drexler
Founded24 February 1920 (1920-02-24)
Dissolved10 October 1945 (1945-10-10)
Preceded byGerman Workers' Party
HeadquartersBrown House, Munich, Germany[1]
NewspaperVölkischer Beobachter
Student wingNational Socialist German Students' League
Youth wing

Hitler Youth

Paramilitary wings
Sports bodyNational Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise
Women's wingNational Socialist Women's League
Membership
  • Fewer than 60 (1920)
  • 8.5 million (1945)[2]
Ideology
Political positionFar-right[3][4]
Colours
Slogan"Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer" (English: "One People, One Nation, One Leader") (unofficial)
Anthem
"Horst-Wessel-Lied"
"Horst Wessel Song"
Party flag
Parteiflagge

The National Socialist German Workers' Party (German: About this sound Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei , abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party (English: i/),[5] was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945, that created and supported the ideology of Nazism. Its precursor, the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; DAP), existed from 1919 to 1920.

The Nazi Party emerged from the German nationalist, racist and populist Freikorps paramilitary culture, which fought against the communist uprisings in post-World War I Germany.[6] The party was created as a means to draw workers away from communism and into völkisch nationalism.[7] Initially, Nazi political strategy focused on anti-big business, anti-bourgeois and anti-capitalist rhetoric, although such aspects were later downplayed in order to gain the support of industrial entities and in the 1930s the party's focus shifted to anti-Semitic and anti-Marxist themes.[8]

Pseudo-scientific racism theories were central to Nazism. The Nazis propagated the idea of a "people's community" (Volksgemeinschaft). Their aim was to unite "racially desirable" Germans as national comrades, while excluding those deemed either to be political dissidents, physically or intellectually inferior, or of a foreign race (Fremdvölkische).[9] The Nazis sought to improve the stock of the Germanic people through racial purity and eugenics, broad social welfare programs and a collective subordination of individual rights, which could be sacrificed for the good of the state and the "Aryan master race". To maintain the supposed purity and strength of the Aryan race, the Nazis sought to exterminate Jews, Romani and Poles along with the vast majority of other Slavs and the physically and mentally handicapped. They imposed exclusionary segregation on homosexuals, Africans, Jehovah's Witnesses and political opponents.[10] The persecution reached its climax when the party-controlled German state organized the systematic genocidal killing of an estimated 5.5 to 6 million Jews and millions of other targeted victims, in what has become known as the Holocaust.[11]

The party's leader since 1921, Adolf Hitler, was appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg on 30 January 1933. Hitler rapidly established a totalitarian regime[12][13][14][15] known as the Third Reich. Following the defeat of the Third Reich at the conclusion of World War II in Europe, the party was "declared to be illegal" by the Allied powers,[16] who carried out denazification in the years after the war.

Etymology

The term "Nazi" derives from the name given in German to a party member Nationalsozialist (German pronunciation: [natsi̯oˈnaːlzotsi̯aˌlɪst]) and was coined in response to the German term Sozi (pronounced [ˈzoːtsiː]), an abbreviation of Sozialdemokrat (member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany).[17][18] Members of the party referred to themselves as Nationalsozialisten (National Socialists), rarely as Nazis. The term Parteigenosse (party member) was commonly used among Nazis, with the feminine form Parteigenossin used when it was appropriate.[19]

The term was in use before the rise of the party as a colloquial and derogatory word for a backward peasant, characterising an awkward and clumsy person. It derived from Ignaz, being a shortened version of Ignatius,[20][21] a common name in Bavaria, the area from which the Nazis emerged. Opponents seized on this and shortened the party's name in intentional association to the long-time existing Sozi to the dismissive "Nazi".[21][22]

In 1933, when Adolf Hitler assumed power of the German government, usage of the designation "Nazi" diminished in Germany, although Austrian anti-Nazis continued to use the term derogatorily.[18] The use of "Nazi Germany" and "Nazi regime" was popularised by anti-Nazis and German exiles abroad. Thereafter, the term spread into other languages and eventually was brought back to Germany after World War II.[22] In English, the term is not considered a slang word, and has such derivatives as Nazism and denazification.

Other Languages
العربية: الحزب النازي
Bân-lâm-gú: Nazi Tóng
Boarisch: NSDAP
dansk: NSDAP
Frysk: NSDAP
Bahasa Indonesia: Partai Nazi
interlingua: Partito Nazi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನಾಜಿ ಪಕ್ಷ
Kiswahili: NSDAP
لۊری شومالی: پارتی نازی
मराठी: नाझी पक्ष
norsk: NSDAP
norsk nynorsk: NSDAP
occitan: NSDAP
پنجابی: نازی پارٹی
Piemontèis: Partì Nasista
română: NSDAP
संस्कृतम्: नात्सी पार्टी
Simple English: Nazi Party
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nacionalsocijalistička njemačka radnička partija
吴语: 納粹黨
粵語: 納粹黨
中文: 纳粹党