Nawaz Sharif

Nawaz Sharif
نواز شریف
PrimeMinisterNawazSharif.jpg
12th Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
5 June 2013 – 28 July 2017
PresidentAsif Ali Zardari
Mamnoon Hussain
Preceded byMir Hazar Khan Khoso (Caretaker)
Succeeded byShahid Khaqan Abbasi
In office
17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
PresidentFarooq Leghari
Wasim Sajjad
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Preceded byMalik Meraj Khalid
Succeeded byPervez Musharraf (Chief Executive)
In office
6 November 1990 – 18 July 1993
PresidentGhulam Ishaq Khan
Preceded byGhulam Mustafa Jatoi (Caretaker)
Succeeded byMoeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi (Caretaker)
President of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz
In office
3 October 2017 – 21 February 2018
Preceded bySardar Yaqoob (Interim)
Succeeded byShehbaz Sharif
In office
27 July 2011 – 16 August 2017
Preceded byJaved Hashmi
Succeeded bySardar Yaqoob (Interim)
In office
6 October 1993 – 12 October 1999
Preceded byFida Mohammad Khan
Succeeded byKalsoom Nawaz Sharif
Leader of the Opposition
In office
19 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
Preceded byBenazir Bhutto
Succeeded byBenazir Bhutto
Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
9 April 1985 – 13 August 1990
GovernorGhulam Jilani Khan
Sajjad Hussain Qureshi
Tikka Khan
Preceded bySadiq Hussain Qureshi
Succeeded byGhulam Haider Wyne
Personal details
BornMuhammad Nawaz Sharif
(1949-12-25) 25 December 1949 (age 68)
Lahore, Pakistan
Political partyPakistan Muslim League (before 1988)
Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1993)
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (1993–present)
Spouse(s)Kulsoom Nawaz (m. 1970)
Children4 including Maryam, Hussain, Hassan
RelativesSee Sharif family
Alma materGovt. College University
(B.A. Arts, BBA)
University of the Punjab
(LLB)
Net worth1.6 billion (US$15 million) (2017)[1]
Signature

Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (Urdu/Punjabi: میاں محمد نواز شریف, born 25 December 1949) is a Pakistani businessman[2] and former politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan for three non-consecutive terms and Chief Minister of Punjab for two consecutive terms.

Sharif was elected as Prime Minister, forming his first administration from 1990–93, second in 1997 until being removed in 1999 by a military takeover of the government and third in 2013 until being disqualified for life by Supreme Court of Pakistan in regards to an offshore investment case in 2017. Furthermore, he also served as the Chief Minister of Punjab from 1985 to 1990 and is noted as being Pakistan's longest-serving elected prime minister since its independence in 1947.[3]

Born into the upper-middle class Sharif family in Lahore, he is the son of Ittefaq and Sharif Group founder, Muhammad Sharif, and the elder-brother of Shehbaz Sharif, the former Chief Minister of Punjab. According to estimates of the Election Commission of Pakistan, Sharif is the one of the wealthiest men in the country. Most of his wealth originates from the lucrative business of steel construction, and his declared net worth is at least Rs. 1.6 billion. Sharif studied business at Government College and later law at the University of Punjab before entering politics in the later 1970s. In 1981, Sharif was appointed by President Zia as the Minister of Finance for the province of Punjab. Backed by a loose coalition of conservatives, he was elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1985 and re-elected after the end of martial law in 1988. In 1990, Sharif led a conservative alliance to victory and became Prime Minister. Later it was alleged that the election was rigged in favour of Sharif by the Pakistani intelligence agency, the ISI, channeling millions of rupees into his election campaign.[4]

Sharif's first administration came to an end when then President Ghulam dismissed Sharif on corruption charges. Sharif successfully challenged the dismissal in the Supreme Court,[5] but both men were ultimately persuaded to step down in 1993 by army chief Waheed.[5] Sharif's second term also saw tussles with the judiciary and the military. Sharif also forcibly relieved General Karamat from command and replaced him with Musharraf in 1998.[6] However, the Kargil War led to a deterioration of his relations with Musharraf. When he attempted to relieve Musharraf from his command on 12 October 1999, the military instead ousted Sharif's government and exiled him to Saudi Arabia.[6]

In the 2013 elections, Sharif's Muslim League formed a coalition government with Sharif as Prime Minister in Parliament.[7][8] In 2015, the military launched an offensive to remove extremist groups in northwestern Pakistan and another paramilitary offensive in 2017.[9][10] Sharif's third term was underpinned by social centrism rather than the social conservatism which guided his prior two terms.[11][12] Sharif's third term brought macroeconomic stability with the help of substantial loans from the IMF, and multibillion-dollar investment deals with China.[13] However, he faced criticism over rising sovereign debt,[14] which rose by 35%.[15]

Sharif's family came under judicial scrutiny over the Panama Papers.[16][17][18][19][20] After disqualifying Sharif from holding public office in the Panama Papers case in 2017, the Supreme Court ruled the disqualification would be for life in 2018.[21][22] In a verdict on the Avenfield reference filed by the National Accountability Bureau, the Federal Judicial Complex of Pakistan sentenced Sharif to ten years in prison, and his daughter Maryam Nawaz and her husband Safdar Awan to seven years and one year in prison, respectively, on 6 July 2018, they were subsequently arrested on their arrival in Lahore on 13 July.[23] Maryam and Sharif were also fined £2 million and £8 million, respectively.[24]

Personal life and education

Government College University, where Sharif studied business.

Sharif was born in Lahore, Punjab on 25 December 1949.[25][26][27] The Sharif family are Punjabis of Kashmiri origin.[26] His father, Muhammad Sharif, was an upper-middle-class businessman and industrialist whose family had emigrated from Anantnag in Kashmir for business, and eventually settled in the village of Jati Umra in Amritsar district, Punjab, at the beginning of the twentieth century. His mother's family came from Pulwama.[28] After the movement led by Jinnah and his struggle to create Pakistan in 1947, his parents migrated from Amritsar to Lahore.[26] His father followed the teachings of the Ahl-i Hadith.[29] His family owns Ittefaq Group, a multimillion-dollar steel conglomerate[30] and Sharif Group, a conglomerate company with holdings in agriculture, transport and sugar mills.[31]

He is married to Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif, who is also descended from a Kashmiri family.[32] His brother Shehbaz Sharif is the incumbent Chief Minister of Punjab province, while his nephew Hamza Shahbaz Sharif is a member of the National Assembly.[33] His daughter Maryam Nawaz is currently the chairperson for the prime minister's youth initiative. Maryam is married to politician Muhammad Safdar Awan.[34] His other daughter, Asma Nawaz, is married to Ali Dar, son of Ishaq Dar, the current finance minister of Pakistan.[28][35] The personal residence of the Sharif family, Raiwind Palace, is located in Jati Umra, Raiwind, on the outskirts of Lahore.[36] He also has a residence in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, known as the Sharif Villa, where he lived during his years in exile.[37] His elder son, Hussain Nawaz, is a businessman based in Saudi Arabia and currently resides in the Jeddah house.[38] His younger son, Hassan Nawaz, is also a businessman and lives in London.[39]

He went to Saint Anthony High School. He graduated from the Government College University (GCU) with an art and business degree and then received a law degree from the Law College of Punjab University in Lahore.[40][41]

Sharif underwent heart surgery in May 2016 in London. It was his second open-heart operation.[42][43] His deteriorating health forced him to undergo an open heart surgery only three days before the presentation of the country's annual budget. Many opposition leaders and the legal fraternity, including former Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, raised questions about a possible constitutional crisis in Pakistan. Chaudhry called for electing a new interim Prime Minister to avoid the crisis.[44]

Other Languages
العربية: نواز شريف
azərbaycanca: Nəvaz Şərif
تۆرکجه: نواز شریف
беларуская: Наваз Шарыф
Bikol Central: Nawaz Sharif
български: Наваз Шариф
brezhoneg: Nawaz Sharif
català: Nawaz Sharif
čeština: Naváz Šaríf
Deutsch: Nawaz Sharif
Ελληνικά: Ναγουάζ Σαρίφ
español: Nawaz Sharif
Esperanto: Naŭaz Ŝarif
euskara: Nawaz Sharif
فارسی: نواز شریف
Fiji Hindi: Nawaz sharif
français: Nawaz Sharif
ગુજરાતી: નવાઝ શરીફ
Հայերեն: Նավազ Շարիֆ
hrvatski: Nawaz Sharif
Bahasa Indonesia: Nawaz Sharif
italiano: Nawaz Sharif
Kapampangan: Nawaz Sharif
ქართული: ნავაზ შარიფი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: نواز شریف
Latina: Nawaz Sharif
latviešu: Navāzs Šarīfs
Lëtzebuergesch: Nawaz Sharif
मैथिली: नवाज शरिफ
मराठी: नवाझ शरीफ
Bahasa Melayu: Nawaz Sharif
Nederlands: Nawaz Sharif
नेपाली: नवाज शरिफ
norsk nynorsk: Nawaz Sharif
پنجابی: نواز شریف
polski: Nawaz Sharif
português: Nawaz Sharif
русский: Шариф, Наваз
संस्कृतम्: नवाझ् शरीफ्
Simple English: Nawaz Sharif
српски / srpski: Наваз Шариф
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nawaz Sharif
svenska: Nawaz Sharif
Türkçe: Navaz Şerif
українська: Наваз Шариф
Tiếng Việt: Nawaz Sharif
Yorùbá: Nawaz Sharif