Natura Artis Magistra

Artis Royal Zoo
(Natura Artis Magistra)
Plantage Kerklaan Artis.jpg
The entrance to Artis
Date opened 1838 [1]
Coordinates 52°21′58″N 4°54′57″E / 52°21′58″N 4°54′57″E / 52.366205; 4.915954
No. of species 900 [1]
Memberships NVD, [2] EAZA, [3] ISIS, [4] WAZA [5]
Website www.artis.nl/en

Artis, short for Natura Artis Magistra ( Latin for "Nature is the teacher of the arts"), is a zoo in the centre of Amsterdam. It is the oldest zoo in the Netherlands and one of the oldest zoos of mainland Europe. Artis Royal Zoo is not just a zoo, it also contains an aquarium and a planetarium. Artis also has an arboretum and a fairly large art collection. A part of the art collection is on display in the Aquarium building of the zoo. Artis contains 27 monumental buildings, most of which are used as enclosures for the animals, making Artis a unique cultural heritage of the 19th century.

The zoo is a member of the Dutch Zoo Federation (NVD), the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), the International Species Information System (ISIS), and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA).

History

The zoo was founded in 1838 by Gerard Westerman, J.W.H. Werlemann and J.J. Wijsmuller (also known as the three Ws). It was initially open only to members. Starting in 1851 it was opened to the public during the month of September. [6] In 1920 it was opened year-round to the public, but September remains discount month. [7]

The core of the current zoo property, then the "Middenhof" estate, was purchased by the board of the zoological society "Natura Artis Magistra" late in 1838 in the Plantage, which was then a rural area on the outskirts of Amsterdam. From the start it exhibited both live and mounted specimens. [8]

The zoo is commonly referred to as Artis, because the zoo has three gates with the words 'Natura', 'Artis', and 'Magistra' written above each of them, respectively. More often than not, only the middle gate was open, so that people who walked through it, seeing that 'Artis' was written above it, believed that the zoo was just called Artis. Thanks to this, soon few people knew it by its full name: Natura Artis Magistra.

The last quagga in captivity died at Artis on 12 August 1883. At the time, because all zebras were referred to as quagga, nobody realized that this was the last quagga alive until years later.

Other Languages
العربية: آرتيس
Deutsch: Artis (Zoo)
español: Artis
Esperanto: Artis
français: Artis
Nederlands: Artis
svenska: Artis
Tiếng Việt: Natura Artis Magistra