National symbols of Catalonia

The national symbols of Catalonia are flags, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Catalonia or Catalan culture.

The oldest Catalan symbol is the coat of arms of Catalonia, based on the royal arms of the Crown of Aragon, though a number of theories trace its origin to even older times. It is one of the oldest coats of arms in Europe.[1][2][3][4] A legend, considered non-historical, says that the four red bars (Quatre Pals or Quatre Barres) are the result of Charles the Bald, known also as Charles II, king of West Francia, smearing four bloodied fingers over Wilfred the Hairy's golden shield, after the latter had fought bravely against the Normans.

Catalonia's national symbols as defined in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia[5] are the flag, Catalonia's day, and the anthem. These symbols have often a political and revindicative significance. Other symbols may not have official status, for different reasons, but are likewise recognised at a national or international level.

One of the highest civil distinctions awarded in Catalonia is the St George's Cross (Creu de Sant Jordi).

Official national symbols

Image Name Description Date
The flag of Catalonia
Flag of Catalonia or Senyera
The flag of Catalonia or Senyera (its name in Catalan), based on the coat of arms, is the most representative official symbol. It consists of four red stripes on a golden background. Its use dates from the 12th century, when it was the symbol of the kings of Aragon and counts of Barcelona.

Proportions of the flag are 2:3.

Adopted

May 25, 1933

National Day of Catalonia, 2005
National Day of Catalonia
The National Day of Catalonia, commonly called La Diada[6] is on 11 September. It commemorates the 1714 Siege of Barcelona defeat during the War of the Spanish Succession. Adopted

June 12, 1980

Els Segadors
"Els Segadors" (The Reapers) is the official national anthem of Catalonia. Is an adaptation of a popular song of the 18th century based on the Reapers' War. It has been an unofficial anthem of the Catalan people since the late 19th century, and recognized by law as official since 1993. Adopted

January 19, 1993

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