National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China

National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China
中華民國國旗歌
National Banner Song sheet music.png
The Sheet of National Flag Anthem

Flag anthem of  Republic of China (Taiwan)
Sporting anthem of  Chinese Taipei
Also known as中華臺北奧會會歌 (English: "Anthem of the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee")
中華臺北國歌 (English: National Anthem of Chinese Taipei)
LyricsDisputed (usually attributed to Tai Chi-tao), 1937
MusicHuáng Zì, 1936
Adopted1937 (China)
1945 (Taiwan)
Audio sample
"National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China" (instrumental)
Vocal version of the National Banner Song
The National Banner Song is played during the raising and lowering of the Taiwanese national flag, such as at this daily ceremony at the front of the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall in 2005, where the flag is lowered by the honor guards of the Taiwanese navy.

The National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國國旗歌; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē), also unofficially known as the "National Banner Song", is a patriotic song typically played during the raising and lowering of the flag of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan. It is also played at international sporting events such as the World Baseball Classic and Olympic Games, where Taiwan participates officially under the name of Chinese Taipei. The song is thus considered to be in effect a secondary national anthem; Taiwanese citizens stand when it is performed and salute it as they would salute the national anthem.

Origin

After the Kuomintang Anthem became the de facto National Anthem of the Republic of China in 1930, the Ministry of Education had invited submissions for a new official national anthem. The music composed by Huang Tzu was eventually chosen in 1936, but the Nationalist Government refused to adopt it as the national anthem. As a compromise, the National Anthem remained unchanged, while Huang Tzu's music was adopted as the National Flag Anthem, with lyrics written in Classical Chinese by Tai Chi-tao, who had also contributed to the lyrics of the National Anthem.[1]