Nara period

The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara jidai) of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794.[1] Empress Genmei established the capital of Heijō-kyō (present-day Nara). Except for a five-year period (740–745), when the capital was briefly moved again, it remained the capital of Japanese civilization until Emperor Kanmu established a new capital, Nagaoka-kyō, in 784, before moving to Heian-kyō, or Kyoto, a decade later in 794.

Most of Japanese society during this period was agricultural in nature and centered on villages. Most of the villagers followed a religion based on the worship of natural and ancestral spirits called kami.

The capital at Nara was modeled after Chang'an, the capital city of Tang China.[2] In many other ways, the Japanese upper classes patterned themselves after the Chinese, including adopting Chinese written system, fashion, and the religion of Buddhism.

Nara period literature

Concentrated efforts by the imperial court to record and document its history produced the first works of Japanese literature during the Nara period. Works such as the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki were political in nature, used to record and therefore justify and establish the supremacy of the rule of the emperors within Japan.[3]

With the spread of written language, the writing of Japanese poetry, known in Japanese as waka, began. The largest and longest-surviving collection of Japanese poetry, the Man'yōshū, was compiled from poems mostly composed between 600 and 759 CE.[4] This, and other Nara texts, used Chinese characters to express the sounds of Japanese, known as man'yōgana.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Nara-tydperk
العربية: فترة نارا
বাংলা: নারা যুগ
Bân-lâm-gú: Nara sî-tāi
català: Període Nara
čeština: Období Nara
Deutsch: Nara-Zeit
español: Período Nara
Esperanto: Nara-epoko
euskara: Nara Aroa
فارسی: دوره نارا
français: Époque de Nara
한국어: 나라 시대
Bahasa Indonesia: Zaman Nara
italiano: Periodo Nara
Basa Jawa: Periodhe Nara
lietuvių: Nara laikotarpis
magyar: Nara-kor
Bahasa Melayu: Zaman Nara
Nederlands: Naraperiode
日本語: 奈良時代
پښتو: نارا
polski: Nara (okres)
português: Período Nara
română: Perioada Nara
русский: Период Нара
Simple English: Nara period
slovenčina: Obdobie Nara
slovenščina: Obdobje Nara
српски / srpski: Нара период
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nara period
suomi: Nara-kausi
svenska: Naraperioden
Tagalog: Nara
Türkçe: Nara dönemi
українська: Період Нара
Tiếng Việt: Thời kỳ Nara
吴语: 奈良时代
粵語: 奈良時代
中文: 奈良時代