Napster corporate logo.svg
Developer(s)Shawn Fanning
Sean Parker
Initial releaseJune 1, 1999; 20 years ago (1999-06-01)
Stable release
September 3, 2002; 17 years ago (2002-09-03)
Operating systemCross-platform
Available inMultilingual

Napster is a set of three music-focused online services. It was founded as a pioneering peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing Internet software that emphasized sharing digital audio files, typically audio songs, encoded in MP3 format. As the software became popular, the company ran into legal difficulties over copyright infringement. It ceased operations and was eventually acquired by Roxio. In its second incarnation, Napster became an online music store until it was acquired by Rhapsody from Best Buy[1] on December 1, 2011.

Later, more decentralized projects followed Napster's P2P file-sharing example, such as Gnutella, Freenet, BearShare and Soulseek. Some services, like AudioGalaxy, LimeWire, Scour, Kazaa, Grokster, Madster, and eDonkey2000, were also brought down or changed due to copyright issues.


Napster was founded by Shawn Fanning and Sean Parker.[2] Initially, Napster was envisioned as an independent peer-to-peer file sharing service by Shawn Fanning. The service operated between June 1999 and July 2001.[3] Its technology allowed people to easily share their MP3 files with other participants.[4] Although the original service was shut down by court order, the Napster brand survived after the company's assets were liquidated and purchased by other companies through bankruptcy proceedings.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: نابستر
asturianu: Napster
azərbaycanca: Napster
català: Napster
čeština: Napster
dansk: Napster
Deutsch: Napster
eesti: Napster
español: Napster
فارسی: نپستر
français: Napster
한국어: 냅스터
हिन्दी: नैप्स्टर
Bahasa Indonesia: Napster
italiano: Napster
עברית: נאפסטר
lietuvių: Napster
lumbaart: Napster
magyar: Napster
Bahasa Melayu: Napster
Nederlands: Napster
日本語: Napster
norsk: Napster
polski: Napster
português: Napster
русский: Napster
Simple English: Napster
slovenčina: Napster
suomi: Napster
svenska: Napster
українська: Napster
Tiếng Việt: Napster
中文: Napster