Nagarjuna

Nāgārjuna
Nagarjuna at Samye Ling Monastery.JPG
Golden statue of Nāgārjuna at Kagyu Samye Ling Monastery, Scotland.
Bornc. 150 CE
South India[1]
Diedc. 250 CE
India
OccupationBuddhist teacher, monk and philosopher
Known forCredited with founding the Madhyamaka school of Mahāyāna Buddhism

Nāgārjuna (c. 150 – c. 250 CE) is widely considered one of the most important Buddhist philosophers.[2] Along with his disciple Āryadeva, he is considered to be the founder of the Madhyamaka school of Mahāyāna Buddhism.[2] Nāgārjuna is also credited with developing the philosophy of the Prajñāpāramitā sūtras and, in some sources, with having revealed these scriptures in the world, having recovered them from the nāgas (water spirits often depicted in the form of serpent-like humans). Furthermore, he is traditionally supposed to have written several treatises on rasayana as well as serving a term as the head of Nālandā.[3]

History

Very little is reliably known of the life of Nāgārjuna, since the surviving accounts were written in Chinese[4] and Tibetan centuries after his death. According to some accounts, Nāgārjuna was originally from South India.[1][5] Some scholars believe that Nāgārjuna was an advisor to a king of the Satavahana dynasty.[1] Archaeological evidence at Amarāvatī indicates that if this is true, the king may have been Yajña Śrī Śātakarṇi, who ruled between 167 and 196 CE. On the basis of this association, Nāgārjuna is conventionally placed at around 150–250 CE.[1]

According to a 4th/5th-century biography translated by Kumārajīva, Nāgārjuna was born into a Brahmin family[6] in Vidarbha[7][8][9] (a region of Maharashtra) and later became a Buddhist.

Some sources claim that in his later years, Nāgārjuna lived on the mountain of Śrīparvata near the city that would later be called Nāgārjunakoṇḍa ("Hill of Nāgārjuna").[10] The ruins of Nāgārjunakoṇḍa are located in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. The Caitika and Bahuśrutīya nikāyas are known to have had monasteries in Nāgārjunakoṇḍa.[10] The archaeological finds at Nagarjunakonda have not resulted in any evidence that the site was associated with Nagarjuna. The name "Nagarjunakonda" dates from the medieval period, and the 3rd-4th century inscriptions found at the site make it clear that it was known as "Vijayapuri" in the ancient period.[11]

Other Languages
العربية: ناجارجونا
Bân-lâm-gú: Nagarjuna
башҡортса: Нагарджуна
беларуская: Нагарджуна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нагарджуна
भोजपुरी: नागार्जुन
български: Нагарджуна
bosanski: Nagarđuna
brezhoneg: Nagarjuna
буряад: Нагаржунай
català: Nagarjuna
čeština: Nágárdžuna
dansk: Nagarjuna
Deutsch: Nagarjuna
Ελληνικά: Ναγκαριούνα
español: Nāgārjuna
Esperanto: Nagarĝuno
euskara: Nagarjuna
فارسی: ناگارجونه
français: Nāgārjuna
Gaeilge: Nagarjuna
galego: Nāgārjuna
贛語: 龍樹
한국어: 나가르주나
hrvatski: Nagarđuna
Bahasa Indonesia: Nagarjuna
íslenska: Nagarjuna
italiano: Nāgārjuna
עברית: נגרג'ונה
қазақша: Нагарджуна
Kiswahili: Nagarjuna
Latina: Nagarjuna
latviešu: Nāgārdžuna
lietuvių: Nagardžuna
la .lojban.: Nagardjunas
Malagasy: Nāgārjuna
монгол: Нагаржунай
Nederlands: Nagarjuna
नेपाल भाषा: नागार्जुन
日本語: 龍樹
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nagarjuna
Patois: Nagarjuna
polski: Nagardżuna
português: Nagarjuna
русский: Нагарджуна
Scots: Nagarjuna
slovenčina: Nágárdžuna
slovenščina: Nagardžuna
српски / srpski: Нагарђуна
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nagarđuna
svenska: Nagarjuna
Türkçe: Nagarjuna
українська: Нагарджуна
Tiếng Việt: Long Thụ
Winaray: Nagarjuna
吴语: 龙树
Yorùbá: Nagarjuna
粵語: 龍樹
中文: 龍樹