Nafplio

Nafplio
Ναύπλιο
View of the old part of the city of Nafplio from Palamidi castle.
View of the old part of the city of Nafplio from Palamidi castle.
Flag of Nafplio.svg
Flag
Nafplio is located in Greece
Nafplio
Nafplio
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Nafplieon.png
Coordinates: 37°34′N 22°48′E / 37°34′N 22°48′E / 37.567; 22.800
CountryGreece
Administrative regionPeloponnese
Regional unitArgolis
Area
 • Municipality390.2 km2 (150.7 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit33.62 km2 (12.98 sq mi)
Highest elevation10 m (30 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipality33,356
 • Municipality density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit18,910
 • Municipal unit density560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Community[1]
 • Population14,203 (2011)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code211 00
Area code(s)2752
Vehicle registrationΑΡ
Websitewww.nafplio.gr

Nafplio (Greek: Ναύπλιο, Nauplio or Nauplion in Italian and other Western European languages) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf. The town was an important seaport held under a succession of royal houses in the Middle Ages as part of the lordship of Argos and Nauplia, held initially by the de la Roche following the Fourth Crusade before coming under the Republic of Venice and, lastly, the Ottoman Empire. The town was the capital of the First Hellenic Republic and of the Kingdom of Greece, from the start of the Greek Revolution in 1821 until 1834. Nafplio is now the capital of the regional unit of Argolis.

Name

The name of the town changed several times over the centuries. The modern Greek name of the town is Nafplio (Ναύπλιο).[2] In modern English, the most frequently used forms are Nauplia and Navplion.[3]

During the Classical Antiquity, it was known as Nauplia (Ναυπλία) in Attic Greek[4][5][6][7] and Naupliē (Ναυπλίη) in Ionian Greek.[4] In Latin, it was called Nauplia.[8]

During the Middle Ages, several variants were used in Byzantine Greek, including Náfplion (Ναύπλιον), Anáplion (Ἀνάπλιον), and Anáplia (Ἀνάπλια).[7]

During the Late Middle Ages and early modern period, under Venetian domination, the town was known in Italian as Napoli di Romania, after the medieval usage of "Romania" to refer to the lands of the Byzantine Empire, and to distinguish it from Napoli (Naples) in Italy.

Also during the early modern period, but this time under Ottoman rule, the Turkish name of the town was Mora Yenişehir, after Morea, a medieval name for the Peloponnese, and "yeni şehir," the Turkish term for "new city" (apparently a translation from the Greek Νεάπολη, Italian Napoli). The Ottomans also called it Anabolı.

In the 19th century and early 20th century, the town was called indiscriminately Náfplion (Ναύπλιον) and Nafplio (Ναύπλιο) in modern Greek. Both forms were used in official documents and travel guides. This explains why the old form Náfplion (sometimes transliterated to Navplion) still occasionally survives up to this day.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Nafplio
Ænglisc: Nauplion
العربية: نافبليو
български: Навплио
català: Nàuplia
Cebuano: Náfplio
čeština: Nauplion
Deutsch: Nafplio
Ελληνικά: Ναύπλιο
español: Nauplia
Esperanto: Nafplio
euskara: Nauplio
فارسی: نافپلیو
français: Nauplie
한국어: 나플리오
Հայերեն: Նաֆպլիոն
hrvatski: Nauplion
italiano: Nauplia
עברית: נאפפליו
Latina: Nauplia
Lëtzebuergesch: Nafplio
lietuvių: Nafplijas
magyar: Návplio
Nederlands: Nauplion
日本語: ナフプリオ
norsk: Nafplio
norsk nynorsk: Návplio
polski: Nauplion
português: Náuplia
română: Nauplion
русский: Нафплион
Scots: Nafplio
Simple English: Nauplion
slovenčina: Nafplio
slovenščina: Navplij
српски / srpski: Нафплио
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nafplio
suomi: Náfplio
svenska: Nafplion
Türkçe: Nafplion
українська: Нафпліон
اردو: نافپلیو
vèneto: Nauplia
Tiếng Việt: Nafplio
Winaray: Nafplio