Myra

Myra
Μύρα (in Ancient Greek)
Myra theatre.jpg
The theatre of Myra, with the rock-cut tombs of the ancient Lycian necropolis on the cliff in the background.
Myra is located in Turkey
Myra
Shown within Turkey
LocationDemre, Antalya Province, Turkey
RegionLycia
Coordinates36°15′33″N 29°59′07″E / 36°15′33″N 29°59′07″E / 36.25917; 29.98528
TypeSettlement

Myra (Ancient Greek: Μύρα, Mýra) was an ancient Greek town in Lycia where the small town of Kale (Demre) is today, in the present-day Antalya Province of Turkey. It was on the river Myros (Ancient Greek: Μύρος) (Demre Çay), in the fertile alluvial plain between Alaca Dağ, the Massikytos range and the Aegean Sea.

Historical evidence

Although some scholars equate Myra with the town Mira in Arzawa, there is no proof for the connection.[citation needed] There is no substantiated written reference for Myra before it was listed as a member of the Lycian league (168 BC – AD 43); according to Strabo (14:665) it was one of the largest towns of the alliance.

The Greek citizens worshipped Artemis Eleutheria, who was the protective goddess of the town. Zeus, Athena and Tyche were venerated as well.

The ruins of the Lycian and Roman town are mostly covered by alluvial silts. The Acropolis on the Demre-plateau, the Roman theatre and the Roman baths (eski hamam) have been partly excavated. The semi-circular theater was destroyed in an earthquake in 141, but rebuilt afterwards.

Rock-cut tombs in Myra.

There are two necropoleis of Lycian rock-cut tombs in the form of temple fronts carved into the vertical faces of cliffs at Myra: the river necropolis and the ocean necropolis. The ocean necropolis is just northwest of the theater. The best-known tomb in the river necropolis, 1.5 km (0.93 mi) up the Demre Cayi from the theater, is the "Lion's tomb", also called the "Painted Tomb". When the traveller Charles Fellows saw the tombs in 1840 he found them still colorfully painted red, yellow and blue.

Andriake was the harbour of Myra in classical times, but silted up later on. The main structure there surviving to the present day is a granary (horrea) built during the reign of the Roman emperor Hadrian (117–138 CE). Beside this granary is a large heap of Murex shells, evidence that Andriake had an ongoing operation for the production of purple dye.[1]

Excavations have been carried out at Andriake since 2009. The granary was turned into the Museum of Lycian Civilizations. The granary has seven rooms and measures 56 meters long and 32 meters wide. Artifacts found during the excavations in the Lycian League were placed in the museum. The structures in the Harbor Bazaar as well as the agora, synagogue and a six-meter deep, 24-meter long and 12-meter wide cistern were restored. A 16-meter long Roman-era boat, a crane and a cargo car were placed in front of the museum.[2]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Mira
български: Мира (град)
brezhoneg: Mira
català: Mira (Lícia)
čeština: Myra
dansk: Myra
Deutsch: Myra (Lykien)
Ελληνικά: Μύρα
español: Mira (ciudad)
Esperanto: Mira (Likio)
français: Myre (Turquie)
Gaeilge: Míora
한국어: 뮈라
Bahasa Indonesia: Myra
italiano: Myra
Basa Jawa: Myra
Latina: Myra
Nederlands: Myra (plaats)
日本語: ミュラ
norsk nynorsk: Myra i Tyrkia
polski: Myra
português: Mira (Lícia)
русский: Мира (город)
Simple English: Myra
slovenščina: Mira, Likija
српски / srpski: Мира (Ликија)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mira (Likija)
svenska: Myra (stad)
українська: Мира (Лікія)