Myosotis

Myosotis
Myosotis arvensis ois.JPG
Myosotis arvensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Boraginales
Family:Boraginaceae
Subfamily:Boraginoideae
Genus:Myosotis
L.
Type species
Myosotis scorpioides
L. [1]

Myosotis (s/;[2] from the Greek: μυοσωτίς "mouse's ear", which the foliage is thought to resemble) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae. In the northern hemisphere they are colloquially denominated forget-me-nots[3] or Scorpion grasses. The colloquial name "Forget-me-not" was calqued from the German Vergissmeinnicht and first used in English in AD 1398 through King Henry IV of England.[4] Similar names and variations are found in many languages. Myosotis alpestris is the state flower of Alaska[5] and Dalsland, Sweden. Plants of the genus are commonly confused with Chatham Islands Forget-me-nots which belong to the related genus Myosotidium.

Distribution

More than 500 species names have been recorded, but only 74 species are presently accepted. The remainder are either synonyms of presently accepted or proposed names.[6] The genus is largely restricted to western Eurasia with circa 60 confirmed species and New Zealand with circa 40 confirmed species. A paucity of species occur elsewhere including in North America, South America, and Papua New Guinea.[3] Despite this, Myosotis species are now common throughout temperate latitudes because of the introduction of cultivars and alien species. Many are popular in horticulture. They prefer moist habitats. In locales where they are not native, they frequently escape to wetlands and riverbanks. Only those native to the Northern hemisphere are colloquially denominated "Forget-me-nots".

Genetic analysis indicates that the genus originated in the Northern Hemisphere and that the species native to Australia, New Zealand and South America are all derived from a single dispersal to the Southern Hemisphere.[3] One or two European species, especially Myosotis sylvatica (wood forget-me-not) were introduced into most of the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and the Americas.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Кърухугу
العربية: أذن الفأر
català: Myosotis
Cebuano: Myosotis
dolnoserbski: Njezabyńki
eesti: Lõosilm
Ελληνικά: Μη με λησμόνει
español: Myosotis
Esperanto: Neforgesumino
euskara: Oroilore
français: Myosotis
Gaeilge: Lus míonla
galego: Nonmesquezas
한국어: 물망초
հայերեն: Անմոռուկ
hornjoserbsce: Njezapomnička
hrvatski: Potočnica
Ido: Miozoto
íslenska: Munablóm
italiano: Myosotis
עברית: זכריני
ქართული: კესანე
kaszëbsczi: Niezabôtka
қазақша: Ботакөз
latviešu: Neaizmirstules
lietuvių: Neužmirštuolė
Livvinkarjala: Lemmekki
lumbaart: Myosotis
Nederlands: Vergeet-mij-nietje
norsk nynorsk: Minneblom
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Zagʻchakoʻz
português: Myosotis
română: Nu-mă-uita
русский: Незабудка
Simple English: Forget-me-not
slovenščina: Spominčica
ślůnski: Żabiłoczko
suomi: Lemmikit
Türkçe: Unutmabeni
українська: Незабудка
Tiếng Việt: Chi Lưu ly
Winaray: Myosotis
žemaitėška: Žīdrėkė
中文: 勿忘草属
ГӀалгӀай: Незабудка