Late 18th-century painting of instruments from the school of Zlatá Koruna. On the wall are several lutes and brass instruments. On the left is a cello-type instrument. In the middle are several drums. On the right is a small pipe organ.

Musicology (from Greek, Modern μουσική (mousikē), meaning 'music', and -λογία (-logia), meaning 'study of') is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music. Musicology departments traditionally belong to the humanities, although music research is often more scientific in focus (psychological, sociological, acoustical, neurological, computational). A scholar who participates in musical research is a musicologist.[1][2][3]

Traditionally, historical musicology (commonly termed "music history") has been the most prominent sub-discipline of musicology.[clarification needed] In the 2010s, historical musicology is one of several large musicology sub-disciplines. Historical musicology, ethnomusicology, and systematic musicology are approximately equal in size.[4] Ethnomusicology is the study of music in its cultural context. Systematic musicology includes music acoustics, the science and technology of acoustical musical instruments, and the musical implications of physiology, psychology, sociology, philosophy and computing. Cognitive musicology is the set of phenomena surrounding the computational modeling of music. In some countries, music education is a prominent sub-field of musicology, while in others it is regarded as a distinct academic field, or one more closely affiliated with teacher education, educational research, and related fields. Like music education, music therapy is a specialized form of applied musicology which is sometimes considered more closely affiliated with health fields, and other times regarded as part of musicology proper.

Parent disciplines

The parent disciplines of musicology include:

Musicology also has two central, practically oriented sub-disciplines with no parent discipline: performance practice and research (sometimes viewed as a form of artistic research), and the theory, analysis and composition of music. The disciplinary neighbors of musicology address other forms of art, performance, ritual and communication, including the history and theory of the visual and plastic arts and of architecture; linguistics, literature and theater; religion and theology; and sport. Musical knowledge is applied in medicine, education, and music therapy—which, effectively, are parent disciplines of applied musicology.

Other Languages
العربية: علم الموسيقى
asturianu: Musicoloxía
azərbaycanca: Musiqişünaslıq
bamanankan: Fɔlikankalan
български: Музикология
བོད་ཡིག: གཞས་རིག་པ།
català: Musicologia
čeština: Muzikologie
Cymraeg: Cerddoleg
Ελληνικά: Μουσικολογία
español: Musicología
Esperanto: Muzikscienco
euskara: Musikologia
français: Musicologie
Frysk: Musikology
furlan: Musicologjie
galego: Musicoloxía
한국어: 음악학
hrvatski: Muzikologija
Bahasa Indonesia: Musikologi
italiano: Musicologia
қазақша: Музыкатану
kurdî: Muzîkolojî
Latina: Musicologia
latviešu: Muzikoloģija
Lëtzebuergesch: Musekwëssenschaft
lietuvių: Muzikologija
Limburgs: Musicologie
Nederlands: Musicologie
日本語: 音楽学
Norfuk / Pitkern: Myuusikolojii
norsk nynorsk: Musikkvitskap
polski: Muzykologia
português: Musicologia
română: Muzicologie
Simple English: Musicology
slovenčina: Muzikológia
slovenščina: Muzikologija
српски / srpski: Музикологија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Muzikologija
Tagalog: Musikolohiya
Türkçe: Müzikoloji
українська: Музикознавство
Tiếng Việt: Âm nhạc học
Winaray: Musikolohiya
Zazaki: Muzikolociye
中文: 音乐学