Guy Pratt, a professional session musician, playing bass guitar.

A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.[1] Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music is referred to as a musician.[2] A musician who plays a musical instrument is also known as an instrumentalist.

Musicians can specialize in any musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background. Examples of a musician's possible skills include performing, conducting, singing, rapping, producing, composing, arranging, and the orchestration of music.[3]

Musicians by era


In the Middle Ages, instrumental musicians performed with soft ensembles inside and loud instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, and they provided arrangements structured around Gregorian chant structure and Masses from church texts.[4]

Notable musicians


Renaissance musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels. Vocal pieces were in Latin—the language of church texts of the time—and typically were Church-polyphonic or "made up of several simultaneous melodies." By the end of the 16th century, however, patronage split among many areas: the Catholic Church, Protestant churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all provided income sources for composers.[5]

Notable musicians


The Baroque period (about 1600 to 1750) introduced heavy use of counterpoint and basso continuo characteristics. Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the Renaissance style of music, and emphasized much of the volume, texture and pace of each piece.[6]

Notable musicians


Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class.[when?] Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies.[clarification needed] Because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the Renaissance and Baroque eras.[7]

Notable musicians


The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is often called the age of revolutions, an age of upheavals in political, economic, social, and military traditions. This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution. A revolutionary energy was also at the core of Romanticism, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world. Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture.[8]

Notable musicians

20th to 21st centuries

The world transitioned from 19th-century Romanticism to 20th century Modernism, bringing major musical changes. In 20th-century music, composers and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated Romantic period, and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it. Musicians wrote to be "...objective, while objects existed on their own terms. While past eras concentrated on spirituality, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."[9]

The advent of audio recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of all kinds of music—pop, electronic, dance, rock, folk, country and all forms of classical music.[10]

Other Languages
العربية: موسيقي
aragonés: Musico
asturianu: Músicu
azərbaycanca: Musiqiçi
Bân-lâm-gú: Im-ga̍k-ka
беларуская: Музыкант
български: Музикант
bosanski: Muzičar
català: Músic
čeština: Hudebník
Cymraeg: Cerddor
dansk: Musiker
Deutsch: Musiker
eesti: Muusik
Ελληνικά: Μουσικός
español: Músico
Esperanto: Muzikisto
français: Musicien
Gaeilge: Ceoltóir
galego: Músico
한국어: 음악가
հայերեն: Երաժիշտ
हिन्दी: संगीतकार
hrvatski: Glazbenik
Bahasa Indonesia: Musikus
íslenska: Tónlistarmaður
italiano: Musicista
עברית: מוזיקאי
Jawa: Musisi
ქართული: მუსიკოსი
қазақша: Музыкант
Kiswahili: Mwanamuziki
Latina: Musicus
latviešu: Mūziķis
лезги: Кьавал
lietuvių: Muzikantas
magyar: Zenész
मैथिली: संगीतकार
მარგალური: მუსიკოსი
Bahasa Melayu: Pemuzik
Nāhuatl: Cuīcatiani
Nederlands: Muzikant
Nedersaksies: Muzikaant
नेपाली: सङ्गीतकार
日本語: 音楽家
norsk: Musiker
norsk nynorsk: Musikar
Nouormand: Souneus
occitan: Musician
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Musiqachi
polski: Muzyk
português: Músico
română: Muzician
русиньскый: Музикант
русский: Музыкант
Scots: Muisicker
shqip: Muzikanti
Simple English: Musician
slovenčina: Hudobník
slovenščina: Glasbenik
کوردی: مۆسیقاژەن
српски / srpski: Muzičar
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Muzičar
Basa Sunda: Musisi
suomi: Muusikko
svenska: Musiker
тоҷикӣ: Мусиқидон
Türkçe: Müzisyen
українська: Музикант
اردو: موسیقار
Tiếng Việt: Nhạc sĩ
ייִדיש: מוזיקער
Zazaki: Muzisyen
中文: 音乐家