Murano sunset.JPG
Rio dei Vetrai, Murano (2015)
Murano is located in Italy
Coordinates- 45°27′23″N 12°21′11″E / 45°27′23″N 12°21′11″E / 45.456339; 12.353077
Adjacent bodies of waterVenetian Lagoon
ProvinceProvince of Venice

Murano is a series of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian Lagoon, northern Italy. It lies about 1.5 kilometres (0.9 miles) north of Venice and measures about 1.5 km (0.9 mi) across with a population of just over 5,000 (2004 figures).[1] It is famous for its glass making. It was once an independent comune, but is now a frazione of the comune of Venice.


View from a bridge on Murano, overlooking the Canal Grande di Murano

Murano was initially settled by the Romans and from the sixth century by people from Altinum and Oderzo. At first, the island prospered as a fishing port and through its production of salt. It was also a centre for trade through the port it controlled on Sant'Erasmo. From the eleventh century, it began to decline as islanders moved to Dorsoduro. It had a Grand Council, like that of Venice, but from the thirteenth century, Murano was ultimately governed by a podestà from Venice. Unlike the other islands in the Lagoon, Murano minted its own coins.

Early in the second millennium hermits of the Camaldolese Order occupied one of the islands, seeking a place of solitude for their way of life. There they founded the Monastery of St. Michael (Italian: S. Michele di Murano). This monastery became a great center of learning and printing. The famous cartographer, Fra Mauro, whose maps were crucial to the European exploration of the world, was a monk of this community. The monastery was suppressed in 1810 by French forces under Napoleon, in the course of their conquest of the Italian peninsula, and the monks were expelled in 1814. The grounds then became Venice's major cemetery.

In 1291, all the glassmakers in Venice were required to move to Murano.[2] In the following century, exports began, and the island became famous, initially for glass beads and mirrors. Aventurine glass was invented on the island, and for a while Murano was the main producer of glass in Europe. The island later became known for chandeliers. Although decline set in during the eighteenth century, glassmaking is still the island's main industry.

In the fifteenth century, the island became popular as a resort for Venetians, and palaces were built, but this later declined. The countryside of the island was known for its orchards and vegetable gardens until the nineteenth century, when more housing was built.

Attractions on the island include the Church of Santa Maria e San Donato (known for its twelfth-century Byzantine mosaic pavement and said to house the bones of the dragon slain by Saint Donatus in the 4th century), the church of San Pietro Martire with the chapel of the Ballarin family built in 1506 and artworks by Giovanni Bellini, and the Palazzo da Mula. Glass-related attractions include the many glassworks, some Mediaeval and most open to the public, and the Murano Glass Museum, housed in the large Palazzo Giustinian.

Other Languages
العربية: مورانو
asturianu: Islla de Murano
беларуская: Мурана
български: Мурано
català: Murano
Cebuano: Murano
čeština: Murano
Cymraeg: Murano
dansk: Murano
Deutsch: Murano
eesti: Murano
Ελληνικά: Μουράνο
español: Murano
Esperanto: Murano
euskara: Murano
فارسی: مورانو
français: Murano
한국어: 무라노
հայերեն: Մուրանո
hrvatski: Murano
Bahasa Indonesia: Murano
italiano: Murano
עברית: מוראנו
Latina: Murianum
magyar: Murano
Nederlands: Murano
日本語: ムラーノ
norsk: Murano
norsk nynorsk: Murano
polski: Murano
português: Murano
română: Murano
русский: Мурано
slovenščina: Murano
српски / srpski: Мурано (Венеција)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Murano
suomi: Murano
svenska: Murano
Türkçe: Murano
українська: Мурано
vèneto: Muran
中文: 穆拉诺岛