Murad I

Murad I
مراد اول
Ottoman Sultan
Hüdavendigâr
خداوندگار
Murat Hüdavendigar.jpg
3rd Ottoman Sultan
ReignMarch 1362 – 14 June 1389
PredecessorOrhan
SuccessorBayezid I
Born29 June 1326
Amasya,[1] in present-day Turkey
Died15 June 1389(1389-06-15) (aged 62)
Kosovo Field, Branković District, in present-day Kosovo[a]
BurialOrgans buried at Tomb of Sultan Murad, Kosovo Field, in present-day Prishtina District, Kosovo[a]
42°42′07″N 21°06′15″E / 42°42′07″N 21°06′15″E / 42.70194; 21.10417
ConsortsGülçiçek Hatun
Thamara Hatun
Paşa Melek Hatun
Maria Hatun
IssueSee below
Full name
Murad bin Orhan
Ottoman Turkishمراد اول
TurkishMurad-ı Hüdavendigâr
DynastyOttoman
FatherOrhan
MotherNilüfer Hatun
ReligionSunni Islam
TughraMurad Iمراد اول's signature

Murad I (Ottoman Turkish: مراد اول‎; Turkish: I. Murad, Murad-ı Hüdavendigâr (nicknamed Hüdavendigâr, from Persian: خداوندگار, Khodāvandgār, "the devotee of God" – but meaning "sovereign" in this context); 29 June 1326 – 15 June 1389) was the Ottoman Sultan from 1362 to 1389. He was a son of Orhan and the Valide Nilüfer Hatun.

Murad I conquered Adrianople, renamed it to Edirne,[1] and in 1363 made it the new capital of the Ottoman Sultanate.[2] Then he further expanded the Ottoman realm in Southeast Europe by bringing most of the Balkans under Ottoman rule, and forced the princes of northern Serbia and Bulgaria as well as the Byzantine emperor John V Palaiologos to pay him tribute.[1] Murad I administratively divided his sultanate into the two provinces of Anatolia (Asia Minor) and Rumelia (the Balkans). Murad's death against the Serbs would cause the Ottomans to halt their expansion into the territory temporarily and focus their attention once more on the ailing Byzantine Empire.[citation needed]

Wars

Map of the conquests of Murad I

Murad fought against the powerful beylik of Karaman in Anatolia and against the Serbs, Albanians, Bulgarians and Hungarians in Europe. In particular, a Serb expedition to expel the Turks from Adrianople led by the Serbian brothers King Vukašin and Despot Uglješa, was defeated on September 26, 1371, by Murad's capable second lieutenant Lala Şâhin Paşa, the first governor (beylerbey) of Rumeli. In 1385, Sofia fell to the Ottomans. In 1386 Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović defeated an Ottoman force at the Battle of Pločnik. The Ottoman army suffered heavy casualties, and was unable to capture Niš on the way back.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Murat I
العربية: مراد الأول
авар: Мурад І
azərbaycanca: I Murad
Bân-lâm-gú: Murad 1-sè
беларуская: Мурад I
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мурад I
български: Мурад I
bosanski: Murat I
brezhoneg: Murat Iañ
català: Murat I
čeština: Murad I.
dansk: Murad 1.
Deutsch: Murad I.
eesti: Murad I
Ελληνικά: Μουράτ Α΄
español: Murad I
euskara: Murad I.a
فارسی: مراد یکم
français: Mourad Ier
Gàidhlig: Murad I
galego: Murad I
한국어: 무라트 1세
Հայերեն: Մուրադ I
hrvatski: Murat I.
Bahasa Indonesia: Murad I
italiano: Murad I
ქართული: მურად I
қазақша: I Мұрат
latviešu: Murads I
македонски: Мурат I
Bahasa Melayu: Murad I
Nederlands: Murat I
日本語: ムラト1世
norsk: Murad I
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Murod I (Usmonlilar imperiyasi)
پنجابی: مراد I
polski: Murad I
português: Murade I
qırımtatarca: I Murad
русский: Мурад I
Scots: Murad I
shqip: Murati I
slovenčina: Murad I.
slovenščina: Murat I.
српски / srpski: Мурат I
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Murat I
suomi: Murad I
svenska: Murad I
татарча/tatarça: Мурад I
Türkçe: I. Murad
Türkmençe: Myrat I
українська: Мурад I
اردو: مراد اول
Tiếng Việt: Murad I
Zazaki: Murad I