Municipality

The Ponce City Hall, in the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico, is the seat of the government for both the city and the surrounding barrios making up the municipality.
Map of all city municipalities in Slovenia

A municipality is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

The term municipality may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality.[1] A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district.

The term is derived from French municipalité and Latin municipalis.[2] The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium (derived from a word meaning "duty holders"), referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenship to the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy).

A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.

The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass

Political powers

Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, and corporate income tax, but may also receive substantial funding from the state.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Munisipaliteit
Alemannisch: Gemeinde
العربية: بلدية
aragonés: Municipio
asturianu: Municipiu
azərbaycanca: Bələdiyyə
বাংলা: পৌরসভা
Bân-lâm-gú: Ki-chân chèng-koân
башҡортса: Муниципалитет
беларуская: Муніцыпалітэт
भोजपुरी: नगरपालिका
Boarisch: Gmoa
català: Municipi
čeština: Obec
dansk: Kommune
Deutsch: Gemeinde
dolnoserbski: Gmejna
Ελληνικά: Δήμος
español: Municipio
Esperanto: Municipo
estremeñu: Monicípiu
euskara: Udalerri
فارسی: شهرداری
français: Municipalité
galego: Municipio
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kî-chhèn chṳn-khièn
한국어: 지방 자치체
Hawaiʻi: Aupuni kiwikā
हिन्दी: नगरपालिका
hornjoserbsce: Gmejna
Bahasa Indonesia: Munisipalitas
íslenska: Sveitarfélag
italiano: Comune
עברית: עירייה
Basa Jawa: Geminte
Kiswahili: Manispaa
Кыргызча: Муниципалитет
Ladino: Belediye
Latina: Municipium
latviešu: Pašvaldība
Lëtzebuergesch: Gemeng
lietuvių: Savivaldybė
Limburgs: Gemeint
magyar: Község
मैथिली: नगरपालिका
Bahasa Melayu: Kawasan perbandaran
Nederlands: Gemeente (bestuur)
Nedersaksies: Gemiente (bestuur)
नेपाली: नगरपालिका
日本語: 基礎自治体
norsk: Kommune
norsk nynorsk: Kommune
occitan: Municipi
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Munitsipalitet
Papiamentu: Munisipio
Plattdüütsch: Gemeen
polski: Gmina
português: Município
română: Municipiu
Seeltersk: Meente
Simple English: Municipality
سنڌي: بلديت
slovenščina: Občina
Soomaaliga: Dowlad Hoose
српски / srpski: Муниципалитет
Basa Sunda: Munisipalitas
suomi: Kunta
svenska: Kommun
Tagalog: Munisipalidad
தமிழ்: நகராட்சி
татарча/tatarça: Муниципалитет
tetun: Konsellu
Türkçe: Belediye
українська: Муніципалітет
اردو: بلدیہ
Tiếng Việt: Khu tự quản
West-Vlams: Gemêente
粵語: 市政府
Zeêuws: Gemeênte
中文: 基层政权