Municipalities of Mexico City

Mexico City as a territorial and administrative unit is, alongside the 31 states of Mexico, one of the 32 federal entities of which Mexico consists. This entity was until 2016, the “Federal District” (Spanish: Distrito Federal), but since then the entity has simply been known as “Mexico City” (Spanish: Ciudad de México).

Despite the Mexico City federal entity containing the word “City”, it is not governed as a city but as a unit consisting of multiple municipalities; it contains both urban and rural areas; while much of the “city” i.e. the contiguous urban area of Greater Mexico City lies in another federal entity, the State of Mexico.

Mexico City is divided into sixteen municipalities. In Spanish they are, as territorial units, called demarcaciones territoriales but as units of government they are called alcaldías (lit. “area under control of a mayor (alcalde)”); these replaced the former “boroughs” (Spanish: delegaciones) and the powers of local government increased.[1].

Since 2000, residents of each borough/municipality have elected by plurality a “head of government” (Spanish: jefe de gobierno), which since 2016 is referred to as the "mayor" (Spanish: alcalde).

Municipalities are subdivided into neighborhoods (colonias in Spanish) and in some parts of southern Mexico City, also into towns and rural areas.[2]

Administrative divisions

Municipalities of Mexico City
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Municipality Population (2005)[3] Population (2010)[4] Area (km²)[3]
Álvaro Obregón 706,567 727,034 96
Azcapotzalco 425,298 414,711 34
Benito Juárez 355,017 385,439 27
Coyoacán 628,063 620,416 54
Cuajimalpa de Morelos 173,625 186,391 71
Cuauhtémoc 521,348 531,831 33
Gustavo A. Madero 1,193,161 1,185,772 88
Iztacalco 395,025 384,326 23
Iztapalapa 1,820,888 1,815,786 113
Magdalena Contreras 228,927 239,086 64
Miguel Hidalgo 353,534 372,889 46
Milpa Alta 115,895 130,582 288
Tláhuac 344,106 360,265 86
Tlalpan 607,545 650,567 312
Venustiano Carranza 447,459 430,978 34
Xochimilco 404,458 415,007 118
Total 8,720,916 8,851,080 1,487