Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique

Anthem: Pátria Amada  (Portuguese)
"Beloved Homeland"
Location of Mozambique (dark blue) in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Mozambique (dark blue)

in the African Union (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Maputo
25°57′S 32°35′E / 25°57′S 32°35′E / -25.950; 32.583
Official languagesPortuguese
Demonym(s)Mozambican
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party semi-presidential constitutional republic[1][2][3]
• President
Filipe Nyusi
Carlos Agostinho do Rosário[4]
LegislatureAssembly of the Republic
Formation
1 March 1498
25 June 1975
• Admitted to the United Nations
16 September 1975
• Current constitution
30 November 1990
Area
• Total
801,590 km2 (309,500 sq mi) (35th)
• Water (%)
2.2
Population
• 2016 estimate
28,829,476[5] (50th)
• 2007 census
21,397,000 (52nd)
• Density
28.7/km2 (74.3/sq mi) (178th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$41.473 billion
• Per capita
$1,331[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$15.372 billion
• Per capita
$493[6]
Gini (2008)Negative increase 45.7[7]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.437[8]
low · 180th
CurrencyMozambican metical (MZN)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+258
ISO 3166 codeMZ
Internet TLDwww.portaldogoverno.gov.mz
  1. Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena and others.
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Mozambique (k/), officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ ðɨ musɐ̃ˈbikɨ]; Chichewa: Mozambiki; Swahili: Msumbiji; Tsonga: Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest. The sovereign state is separated from the Comoros, Mayotte and Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city of Mozambique is Maputo (formerly known as "Lourenço Marques" from 1876 to 1976).

Between the first and fifth centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to present-day Mozambique from farther north and west. Northern Mozambique lies within the monsoon trade winds of the Indian Ocean. Between the 7th and 11th centuries, a series of Swahili port towns developed here, which contributed to the development of a distinct Swahili culture and language. In the late medieval period, these towns were frequented by traders from Somalia, Ethiopia, Egypt, Arabia, Persia, and India.[9]

The voyage of Vasco da Gama in 1498 marked the arrival of the Portuguese, who began a gradual process of colonisation and settlement in 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections, and has since remained a relatively stable presidential republic, although it still faces a low-intensity insurgency.[10]

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry is growing, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing and aluminium and petroleum production. The tourism sector is also expanding. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment, while Belgium, Brazil, Portugal and Spain are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country is still one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world,[11] ranking low in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality and average life expectancy.[12]

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half the population. Common native languages include Makhuwa, Sena, and Swahili. The country's population of around 29 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Southern African Development Community, and is an observer at La Francophonie.

Etymology

The country was named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the Island of Mozambique, derived from Mussa Bin Bique or Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki or Mussa Ibn Malik, an Arab trader who first visited the island and later lived there.[13] The island-town was the capital of the Portuguese colony until 1898, when it was moved south to Lourenço Marques (now Maputo).

Other Languages
Acèh: Mozambik
адыгабзэ: Мозамбик
Afrikaans: Mosambiek
Alemannisch: Mosambik
አማርኛ: ሞዛምቢክ
Ænglisc: Mosambice
العربية: موزمبيق
aragonés: Mozambique
armãneashti: Mozambic
arpetan: Mozambique
asturianu: Mozambique
Avañe'ẽ: Mosambíke
Aymar aru: Musambiki
azərbaycanca: Mozambik
تۆرکجه: موزامبیک
bamanankan: Mozanbik
Banjar: Mozambik
Bân-lâm-gú: Mozambique
башҡортса: Мозамбик
беларуская: Мазамбік
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мазамбік
भोजपुरी: मोजाम्बिक
Bikol Central: Mosambik
български: Мозамбик
བོད་ཡིག: མོ་ཛམ་བིཀ།
bosanski: Mozambik
brezhoneg: Mozambik
буряад: Мозамбик
català: Moçambic
Чӑвашла: Мозамбик
Cebuano: Mozambique
čeština: Mosambik
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Mozambique
Chi-Chewa: Mozambique
chiShona: Mozambique
corsu: Mozambicu
Cymraeg: Mosambic
dansk: Mozambique
davvisámegiella: Mosambik
Deitsch: Mosambique
Deutsch: Mosambik
ދިވެހިބަސް: މުސިންބީ
dolnoserbski: Mosambik
डोटेली: मोजाम्बिक
eesti: Mosambiik
Ελληνικά: Μοζαμβίκη
español: Mozambique
Esperanto: Mozambiko
estremeñu: Mozambiqui
euskara: Mozambike
eʋegbe: Mozambiki
فارسی: موزامبیک
Fiji Hindi: Mozambique
føroyskt: Mosambik
français: Mozambique
Frysk: Mozambyk
Fulfulde: Mozammbik
Gagauz: Mozambik
Gàidhlig: Mòsaimbic
galego: Mozambique
Gĩkũyũ: Mozambique
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mozambique
한국어: 모잠비크
Hausa: Mozambik
հայերեն: Մոզամբիկ
हिन्दी: मोज़ाम्बीक
hornjoserbsce: Mosambik
hrvatski: Mozambik
Ilokano: Mosambike
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মোজাম্বিক
Bahasa Indonesia: Mozambik
interlingua: Mozambique
Interlingue: Mozambique
isiZulu: IMozambiki
íslenska: Mósambík
italiano: Mozambico
עברית: מוזמביק
Jawa: Mozambik
Kabɩyɛ: Moozambiki
Kapampangan: Mozambique
ქართული: მოზამბიკი
қазақша: Мозамбик
kernowek: Mosambik
Kinyarwanda: Mozambike
Kiswahili: Msumbiji
Kongo: Musambiki
Kreyòl ayisyen: Mozanbik
kurdî: Mozambîk
Кыргызча: Мозамбик
Ladino: Mosambiko
لۊری شومالی: مۊزامبیک
latgaļu: Mozambika
Latina: Mozambicum
latviešu: Mozambika
Lëtzebuergesch: Mosambik
lietuvių: Mozambikas
Ligure: Moçambico
Limburgs: Mozambique
lingála: Mozambíki
Lingua Franca Nova: Mosambic
Livvinkarjala: Mozambiku
la .lojban.: mosambik
Luganda: Mozambique
lumbaart: Muzambich
magyar: Mozambik
македонски: Мозамбик
Malagasy: Mozambika
Malti: Możambik
Māori: Mohapiki
मराठी: मोझांबिक
მარგალური: მოზამბიკი
مازِرونی: موزامبیک
Bahasa Melayu: Mozambique
Minangkabau: Mozambik
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mozambique
Mirandés: Moçambique
монгол: Мозамбик
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မိုဇမ်ဘစ်နိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Mozambique
Nederlands: Mozambique
नेपाली: मोजाम्बिक
नेपाल भाषा: मोजाम्बिक
нохчийн: Мозамбик
Nordfriisk: Mosambik
Norfuk / Pitkern: Mozambique
norsk: Mosambik
norsk nynorsk: Mosambik
Novial: Mozambik
occitan: Moçambic
Oromoo: Moozaambiik
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mozambik
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੋਜ਼ੈਂਬੀਕ
پنجابی: موزمبیق
Papiamentu: Mozambique
پښتو: موزمبیق
Patois: Mozambiik
Piemontèis: Mosambich
Plattdüütsch: Mosambik
polski: Mozambik
português: Moçambique
Qaraqalpaqsha: Mozambik
qırımtatarca: Mozambik
română: Mozambic
Runa Simi: Musambik
русский: Мозамбик
саха тыла: Мозамбик
संस्कृतम्: मोजम्बीक
Sängö: Mözämbîka
sardu: Mozambico
Scots: Mozambique
Seeltersk: Mosambik
Sesotho: Mozambiki
Sesotho sa Leboa: Mozambique
shqip: Mozambiku
sicilianu: Mozambicu
Simple English: Mozambique
SiSwati: Mozambiki
slovenčina: Mozambik
slovenščina: Mozambik
ślůnski: Mozambik
Soomaaliga: Musanbiig
کوردی: مۆزامبیک
српски / srpski: Мозамбик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mozambik
Sunda: Mosambik
suomi: Mosambik
svenska: Moçambique
Tagalog: Mozambique
татарча/tatarça: Мозамбик
తెలుగు: మొజాంబిక్
tetun: Mosambike
ትግርኛ: ሞዛምቢክ
тоҷикӣ: Мозамбик
Tshivenda: Mozambikwi
Türkçe: Mozambik
Türkmençe: Mozambik
удмурт: Мозамбик
українська: Мозамбік
اردو: موزمبیق
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: موزامبىك
Vahcuengh: Mozambique
vèneto: Mozanbico
vepsän kel’: Mozambik
Tiếng Việt: Mozambique
Volapük: Mozambikän
Võro: Mosambiik
文言: 莫桑比克
Winaray: Mozambique
Wolof: Mosambik
吴语: 莫桑比克
Xitsonga: Muzambhiki
ייִדיש: מאזאמביק
Yorùbá: Mòsámbìk
粵語: 莫三鼻給
Zazaki: Mozambik
žemaitėška: Mozambėks
中文: 莫桑比克