Motorsport

Motorsport
Lewis Hamilton 070615.jpg
A modern-day Formula One car (the Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid of 2015)
Highest governing bodyFIA (four- or more wheeled)
FIM (two-wheeled)
First competitive race1894
GlossaryGlossary of motorsport terms
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
Olympic1900 (Demonstration only)

Motorsport or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition. The terminology can also be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, and includes off-road racing such as motocross.

Four- (or more) wheeled motorsport competition is globally governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA); and the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) governs two-wheeled competition.

History

In 1894, a French newspaper organised a race from Paris to Rouen and back, starting city to city racing.[1] In 1900, the Gordon Bennett Cup was established. Closed circuit racing arose as open road racing, on public roads, was banned. Brooklands was the first dedicated motor racing track in the United Kingdom.[2]

Following World War I, European countries organised Grand Prix races over closed courses. In the United States, dirt track racing became popular.[3]

After World War II, the Grand Prix circuit became more formally organised. In the United States, stock car racing and drag racing became firmly established.[4]

Motorsports ultimately became divided by types of motor vehicles into racing events, and their appropriate organisations.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Motorsport
dansk: Motorsport
Deutsch: Motorsport
français: Sport mécanique
Frysk: Motorsport
한국어: 모터스포츠
hrvatski: Mototrke
latviešu: Motoru sports
Bahasa Melayu: Sukan permotoran
Nederlands: Motorsport
norsk: Motorsport
norsk nynorsk: Motorsport
português: Esporte a motor
română: Sport cu motor
Simple English: Motor sports
српски / srpski: Мото-спорт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Moto-utrke
svenska: Motorsport
Türkçe: Motor sporları
Tiếng Việt: Motorsport
中文: 動力運動