Mossos d'Esquadra

Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia – Mossos d'Esquadra
Policia de la Generalitat de Catalunya – Mossos d'Esquadra
Mossos d'Esquadra.svg
Common nameMossos d'Esquadra
Agency overview
Formed1721, as squads
1874–1939 / 1950–1983 as guards of the premises of the Delegation of Barcelona
1983 as autonomous police of Catalonia
Preceding agency
  • Esquadres de Catalunya
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Catalonia, Spain
Catalonia location map.svg
Map of Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia – Mossos d'Esquadra's jurisdiction.
Size32,114 km²
Legal jurisdictionCatalonia
Governing bodyGeneralitat de Catalunya
Constituting instrument
  • Act 19/1983
General nature• Local civilian agency
Operational structure
Overviewed byDirectorate-General of Police
HeadquartersEgara Central Complex, 08206 Sabadell

Minister (Conseller) responsible
Agency executives
  • Office Suspended, Director General
  • Office Suspended, Deputy Director
Mossos d'Esquadra patrol vehicle at night.

The Mossos d'Esquadra (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈmosuz ðəsˈkwaðɾə]; in English: Troopers, literally "Squad Lads", "Squaddies") are the police force of Catalonia, largely replacing the Policía Nacional of other regions of Spain.

The force was founded in 1951 but takes its name from the informal name of an earlier force, the Escuadras de Paisanos, formed in 1721.


On July 21 1950 the Deputation of Barcelona was authorised to create a small security force using the historical title Mossos d'Esquadra. These new Mossos were a militarized corps having little similarity to the earlier incarnations, with limited powers and small numbers.

With the return of democracy to Spain, the Mossos d'Esquadra grew in number and powers. Since October 25 1980 the force has been under the authority of the Generalitat de Catalunya (the regional Government of Catalonia).