Mossos d'Esquadra

Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia - Mossos d'Esquadra
Policia de la Generalitat de Catalunya - Mossos d'Esquadra
Common name Mossos d'Esquadra
Abbreviation Mossos
Mossos d'Esquadra.svg
Logo of the Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia - Mossos d'Esquadra
Emblema de los Mossos d'Esquadra.svg
Badge of the Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia - Mossos d'Esquadra
Agency overview
Formed 1721, as squads
1874-1939 / 1950-1983 as guards of the premises of the Delegation of Barcelona
1983 as autonomous police of Catalonia
Preceding agency Esquadres de Catalunya
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction * Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Spain
Catalonia location map.svg
Map of Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia - Mossos d'Esquadra's jurisdiction.
Size 32,114 km²
Population 7,508,106
Legal jurisdiction Catalonia
Governing body Generalitat de Catalunya
Constituting instrument Act 19/1983
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed by Directorate-General of Police
Headquarters Egara Central Complex, 08206 Sabadell
Mossos 16,869
Minister (Conseller) responsible Joaquim Forn [1], Minister of the Interior of Catalonia
Agency executives
  • Office Suspended, Director General
  • Office Suspended, Deputy Director
Facilities
Stations 92
Website
www.mossos.cat
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.
Mossos d'Esquadra patrol vehicle at night.

The Mossos d'Esquadra (Catalan pronunciation:  [ˈmosuz ðəsˈkwaðɾə]; in English: Troopers, literally "Squad Lads", "Squaddies") are the police force of Catalonia, largely replacing the Guardia Civil of other regions of Spain.

The force was founded in 1951 but takes its name from the informal name of an earlier force, the Escuadras de Paisanos, formed in 1721.

History

On July 21 1950 the Deputation of Barcelona was authorised to create a small security force using the historical title Mossos d'Esquadra. These new Mossos were a militarized corps having little similarity to the earlier incarnations, with limited powers and small numbers.

With the return of democracy to Spain, the Mossos d'Esquadra grew in number and powers. Since October 25 1980 the force has been under the authority of the Generalitat de Catalunya (the regional Government of Catalonia).