Mossos d'Esquadra

Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia – Mossos d'Esquadra
Policia de la Generalitat de Catalunya – Mossos d'Esquadra
Mossos d'Esquadra.svg
Common nameMossos d'Esquadra
Agency overview
Formed1721, as squads
1874–1939 / 1950–1983 as guards of the premises of the Delegation of Barcelona
1983 as autonomous police of Catalonia
Preceding agency
  • Esquadres de Catalunya
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Catalonia, Spain
Catalonia location map.svg
Map of Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia – Mossos d'Esquadra's jurisdiction.
Size32,114 km²
Legal jurisdictionCatalonia
Governing bodyGeneralitat de Catalunya
Constituting instrument
  • Act 19/1983
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed byDirectorate-General of Police
HeadquartersEgara Central Complex, 08206
Mossos d'Esquadra patrol vehicle at night.

The Mossos d'Esquadra (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈmosuz ðəsˈkwaðɾə]; in English: Troopers, literally "Squad Lads", "Squaddies") are the police force of Catalonia, largely replacing the Spanish Policía Nacional.

The force was founded in 1721 and named in the 19th century.


On 21 July 1950 the Deputation of Barcelona was authorised to create a small security force using the historical title Mossos d'Esquadra. These new Mossos were a militarized corps having little similarity to the earlier incarnations, with limited powers and small numbers, which was in charge of protecting the government buildings of the Province of Barcelona. With the return of democracy to Spain, the Mossos d'Esquadra grew in number and powers. Since 25 October 1980 the force has been under the authority of the Generalitat de Catalunya (the Government of Catalonia).