|Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia – Mossos d'Esquadra|
Policia de la Generalitat de Catalunya – Mossos d'Esquadra
|Common name||Mossos d'Esquadra|
|Formed||1721, as squads|
1874–1939 / 1950–1983 as guards of the premises of the Delegation of Barcelona
1983 as autonomous police of Catalonia
|Operations jurisdiction|| |
|Map of Police of the Generalitat of Catalonia – Mossos d'Esquadra's jurisdiction.|
|General nature||• Local civilian agency|
|Overviewed by||Directorate-General of Police|
|Headquarters||Egara Central Complex, 08206 |
|Minister (Conseller) responsible|
The Mossos d'Esquadra (Catalan pronunciation:
The force was founded in 1951 but takes its name from the informal name of an earlier force, the Escuadras de Paisanos, formed in 1721.
On July 21 1950 the Deputation of Barcelona was authorised to create a small security force using the historical title Mossos d'Esquadra. These new Mossos were a militarized corps having little similarity to the earlier incarnations, with limited powers and small numbers.