Mosque

A mosque (k/; from Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد‎, romanizedmasjid, pronounced [masdʒid]; literally "place of ritual prostration") is a place of worship for Muslims.[1][2]

Mosque
Arabic: مَـسْـجِـدMasjid
After their time in Mina has passed, pilgrims head back to Mecca. - Flickr - Al Jazeera English.jpg
2010 Aerial view of the Great Mosque of Mecca (al-Masjid al-Ḥarām), the largest mosque in the world, with the Kaaba in the center
Religion
AffiliationIslam

Any act of worship that follows the Islamic rules of prayer can be said to create a mosque, whether or not it takes place in a special building.[2] Informal and open-air places of worship are called musalla, while mosques used for communal prayer on Fridays are known as jāmiʿ.[1] Mosque buildings typically contain an ornamental niche (mihrab) set into the wall that indicates the direction of Mecca (qiblah),[1] ablution facilities and minarets from which calls to prayer are issued.[1][2] The pulpit (minbar), from which the Friday sermon (khutba) is delivered, was in earlier times characteristic of the central city mosque, but has since become common in smaller mosques.[3][1] Mosques typically have segregated spaces for men and women.[1] This basic pattern of organization has assumed different forms depending on the region, period and denomination.[2]

Mosques commonly serve as locations for prayer, Ramadan vigils, funeral services, Sufi ceremonies, marriage and business agreements, alms collection and distribution, as well as homeless shelters.[1][3] Historically, mosques were also important centers of elementary education and advanced training in religious sciences. In modern times, they have preserved their role as places of religious instruction and debate, but higher learning now generally takes place in specialized institutions.[1][3] Special importance is accorded to the Great Mosque of Mecca (center of the hajj), Prophet's Mosque in Medina (burial place of Muhammad) and the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem (believed to be the site of Muhammad's ascent to heaven).[1] In the past, many mosques in the Muslim world were built over burial places of Sufi saints and other venerated figures, which has turned them into popular pilgrimage destinations.[1][2]

The first mosque was built by Muhammad in Medina. With the spread of Islam, mosques multiplied across the Islamic world. Sometimes churches and other temples were converted into mosques, which influenced Islamic architectural styles.[3] While most pre-modern mosques were funded by charitable endowments, modern states in the Muslim world have attempted to bring mosques under government control.[1] Increasing government regulation of large mosques has been countered by a rise of privately funded mosques of various affiliations and ideologies, many of which serve as bases for different Islamic revivalist currents and social activism.[3] Mosques have played a number of political roles. The rates of mosque attendance vary widely depending on the region.

Etymology

A nomad's mosque orientated towards Mecca, 2013

The word 'mosque' entered the English language from the French word mosquée, probably derived from Italian moschea (a variant of Italian moscheta), from either Middle Armenian մզկիթ (mzkit‘), Medieval Greek: μασγίδιον (masgídion), or Spanish mezquita, from Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد‎, romanizedmasjid (meaning "site of prostration (in prayer)" and hence a place of worship), either from Nabataean masgĕdhā́ or from Arabic Arabic: سَـجَـدَ‎, romanizedsajada (meaning "to bow down in prayer"), probably ultimately from Aramaic sĕghēdh.[4]

Other Languages
Acèh: Meuseujid
Afrikaans: Moskee
Alemannisch: Moschee
አማርኛ: መስጊድ
العربية: مسجد
aragonés: Mezquita
অসমীয়া: মছজিদ
asturianu: Mezquita
авар: Мажгит
azərbaycanca: Məscid
تۆرکجه: مسجید
বাংলা: মসজিদ
Bahasa Banjar: Masigit
Bân-lâm-gú: Chheng-chin-sī
башҡортса: Мәсет
беларуская: Мячэць
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мячэт
भोजपुरी: महजिद
български: Джамия
bosanski: Džamija
brezhoneg: Moskeenn
català: Mesquita
Чӑвашла: Мичĕт
Cebuano: Meskita
čeština: Mešita
Cymraeg: Mosg
dansk: Moské
Deutsch: Moschee
eesti: Mošee
Ελληνικά: Τζαμί
español: Mezquita
Esperanto: Moskeo
euskara: Meskita
فارسی: مسجد
føroyskt: Moska
français: Mosquée
Frysk: Moskee
Gaeilge: Mosc
Gàidhlig: Mosg
galego: Mesquita
ГӀалгӀай: Маьждиг
한국어: 모스크
Hausa: Masallaci
հայերեն: Մզկիթ
हिन्दी: मस्जिद
hrvatski: Džamija
Bahasa Hulontalo: Tihi
Ido: Moskeo
Bahasa Indonesia: Masjid
Ирон: Мæзджыт
íslenska: Moska
italiano: Moschea
עברית: מסגד
Jawa: Masjid
Kabɩyɛ: Ciŋili
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಸೀದಿ
ქართული: მეჩეთი
қазақша: Мешіт
Kiswahili: Msikiti
kurdî: Mizgeft
Кыргызча: Мечит
кырык мары: Мечеть
Ladino: Mishkita
лакку: Мизит
Latina: Meschita
latviešu: Mošeja
Lëtzebuergesch: Moschee
lietuvių: Mečetė
Limburgs: Moskee
magyar: Mecset
मैथिली: मस्जिद
македонски: Џамија
मराठी: मशीद
მარგალური: მეჩეთი
مصرى: جامع
Bahasa Melayu: Masjid
Baso Minangkabau: Musajik
монгол: Мечет
Nederlands: Moskee
नेपाली: मस्जिद
नेपाल भाषा: मस्जिद
日本語: モスク
нохчийн: Маьждиг
norsk: Moské
norsk nynorsk: Moské
occitan: Mosqueta
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Masjid
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਸਜਿਦ
پنجابی: مسیت
پښتو: جومات
Patois: Mask
polski: Meczet
português: Mesquita
Ripoarisch: Moschee
română: Moschee
romani čhib: Jamiya
Runa Simi: Miskita
русский: Мечеть
Scots: Mosque
shqip: Xhamia
sicilianu: Muschea
Simple English: Mosque
سنڌي: مسجد
slovenčina: Mešita
slovenščina: Mošeja
ślůnski: Moszeja
Soomaaliga: Masaajid
کوردی: مزگەوت
српски / srpski: Џамија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Džamija
Basa Sunda: Masjid
suomi: Moskeija
svenska: Moské
Tagalog: Mosque
татарча/tatarça: Мәчет
తెలుగు: మస్జిద్
тоҷикӣ: Масҷид
Türkçe: Cami
удмурт: Мечеть
українська: Мечеть
اردو: مسجد
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: جامى
Võro: Mossee
walon: Moskêye
文言: 清真寺
Winaray: Moske
吴语: 回庙
粵語: 清真寺
Zazaki: Camiye
中文: 清真寺