Moon Jae-in

Moon Jae-in
Moon Jae-in (2017-10-01) cropped.jpg
President of South Korea
Assumed office
10 May 2017
Prime MinisterLee Nak-yeon
Yoo Il-ho (acting)
Preceded byPark Geun-hye
Leader of the Democratic Party
In office
9 February 2015 – 27 January 2016
Preceded byMoon Hee-sang (interim)
Succeeded byKim Chong-in (interim)
Member of the National Assembly
In office
30 May 2012 – 29 May 2016
Preceded byChang Je-won
Succeeded byChang Je-won
ConstituencySasang (Busan)
Chief Presidential Secretary
In office
12 March 2007 – 24 February 2008
PresidentRoh Moo-hyun
Preceded byLee Byung-wan
Succeeded byYu Woo-ik
Personal details
Born (1953-01-24) 24 January 1953 (age 66)
Geoje, South Korea
Political partyDemocratic
Kim Jung-sook (m. 1981)
ResidenceBlue House, Seoul, South Korea
Alma materKyung Hee University (LLB)
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Korean (Hangul)문재인
Korean (Hanja)文在寅
SignatureOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance South Korea
Branch/service Republic of Korea Army
Years of service1975–1977
RankROK Army Byeongjang.png Sergeant (Korean: Byeongjang)
UnitArmy Special Warfare Command
Battles/warsOperation Paul Bunyan[1]
Moon Jae-in
Moon Jae-in (East Asian characters).svg
Moon's name in hangul (top) and hanja (bottom)
Revised RomanizationMun Jaein
McCune–ReischauerMun Chaein
IPAmundʑɛin or mun t͡ɕɛin

Moon Jae-in (Hangul문재인; Hanja文在寅; Korean pronunciation: [mundʑɛin] or [mun] [t͡ɕɛin]; born 24 January 1953) is a South Korean politician serving as the 19th and current President of South Korea since 2017.[2][3][4] He was elected after the impeachment of Park Geun-hye as the candidate of the Democratic Party of Korea.[5][6]

A former student activist, human rights lawyer and chief of staff to then-President Roh Moo-hyun,[7] Moon served as Leader of Democratic Party of Korea (2015–2016) and a member of the 19th National Assembly (2012–2016). He was also a candidate for Democratic United Party in the 2012 presidential election in which he lost narrowly to Park Geun-hye. As President, Moon Jae-in has met with North Korean chairman Kim Jong-un at inter-Korean summits in April, May, and September 2018 making him as the third South Korean president to meet North Korean counterpart.

Early life, education and military service

Born in Geoje, South Korea, during the last year of the Korean War, Moon Jae-in was the second child and oldest son among five children of father Moon Yong-hyung and mother Kang Han-ok. His parents were refugees from South Hamgyeong Province, North Korea, who fled their native city of Hungnam during the Hungnam evacuation during Korean War.[8]

His family eventually settled in Busan. Since his father did not want to become a government employee, as he had been in North Korea, his father started a business selling socks, which left his family in great debt. His mother became the breadwinner by selling clothes received from relief organisations and delivering briquettes. Moon's family became attached to the Catholic Church when his mother went to the local cathedral to receive whole milk powder. Moon once said in an interview that he didn't know how to ride a bike since his family was too desperately poor to afford a bike or monthly school tuition.

Moon entered Kyungnam High School at the top of his class.[8][9] He was accepted to study law at Kyung Hee University with a full scholarship.[10] There he met his future wife, Kim Jung-sook. After he organized a student protest against the Yushin Constitution, he was arrested, convicted, imprisoned, and expelled from the university.[8][11][12] Later, he was conscripted into the military and assigned to the South Korean special forces, where he participated in "Operation Paul Bunyan" during the Axe murder incident in Panmunjom.[13][14]

After his discharge, the death of his father influenced him to decide to take the bar exam. He went into Daeheungsa, the Buddhist temple, to study for the exam and passed the first of two rounds in 1979. In 1980 he returned to school to complete his remaining year of studies. Later that year, he passed the second round and was admitted to the Judicial Research and Training Institute. He graduated second in his class but was not admitted to become a judge or government prosecutor due to his history of activism against the Yushin dictatorship under Park Chung-hee's rule as a student.[15] Moon chose to go into private practice instead.

Other Languages
العربية: مون جاي إن
aragonés: Moon Jae-in
asturianu: Moon Jae-in
azərbaycanca: Mun Çje İn
বাংলা: মুন জে ইন
Bân-lâm-gú: Moon Jae-in
беларуская: Мун Чжэ Ін
Bikol Central: Moon Jae-in
български: Мун Дже-Ин
bosanski: Moon Jae-in
brezhoneg: Moon Jae-in
català: Moon Jae-in
čeština: Mun Če-in
Deutsch: Moon Jae-in
Ελληνικά: Μουν Τζε-ιν
español: Moon Jae-in
Esperanto: Mun Ĝe-In
euskara: Moon Jae-in
فارسی: مون جه-این
français: Moon Jae-in
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Moon Jae-in
한국어: 문재인
հայերեն: Մուն Ջեին
हिन्दी: मून जे-इन
Bahasa Indonesia: Moon Jae-in
Interlingue: Moon Jae-in
íslenska: Moon Jae-in
italiano: Moon Jae-in
қазақша: Мұн Же Ен
Кыргызча: Мун Чжэ Ин
Latina: Mun Jaein
latviešu: Muns Čeins
Lëtzebuergesch: Moon Jae-in
lietuvių: Mun Džėinas
lumbaart: Moon Jae-in
magyar: Mun Dzsein
Malagasy: Moon Jae-in
മലയാളം: മൂൺ ജി-ഇൻ
Bahasa Melayu: Moon Jae-in
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မွန်ဂျေအင်း
Nederlands: Moon Jae-in
नेपाली: मून जे-इन
日本語: 文在寅
occitan: Moon Jae-in
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Moon Jae-in
polski: Mun Jae-in
português: Moon Jae-in
русский: Мун Чжэ Ин
Simple English: Moon Jae-in
српски / srpski: Мун Џае Ин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Moon Jae-in
svenska: Moon Jae-in
Tagalog: Moon Jae-in
татарча/tatarça: Мун Чжэ Ин
Türkçe: Moon Jae-in
українська: Мун Чже Ін
Tiếng Việt: Moon Jae-in
吴语: 文在寅
粵語: 文在寅
中文: 文在寅