Moon Jae-in

Moon Jae-in
Moon Jae-in (2017-10-01) cropped.jpg
President of South Korea
Assumed office
10 May 2017
Prime MinisterHwang Kyo-ahn
Yoo Il-ho (acting)
Lee Nak-yeon
Preceded byPark Geun-hye
Hwang Kyo-ahn (acting)
Leader of the Democratic Party
In office
9 February 2015 – 27 January 2016
Preceded byAhn Cheol-soo
Kim Han-gil
Succeeded byKim Chong-in
Member of the National Assembly
for Sasang
In office
30 May 2012 – 29 May 2016
Preceded byChang Je-won
Succeeded byChang Je-won
Chief Presidential Secretary
In office
12 March 2007 – 24 February 2008
PresidentRoh Moo-hyun
Preceded byLee Byung-wan
Succeeded byYu Woo-ik
Personal details
Born(1953-01-24) 24 January 1953 (age 65)
Geoje, South Korea
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Kim Jung-sook (m. 1981)
ResidenceBlue House
Alma materKyung Hee University (LLB)
ReligionRoman Catholicism
WebsiteOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance South Korea
Service/branch Republic of Korea Army
Years of service1975–1977
RankROK Army Byeongjang.png Sergeant (Korean: Byeongjang)
UnitArmy Special Warfare Command
Moon Jae-in
Moon Jae-in (East Asian characters).svg
Moon's name in hangul (top) and hanja (bottom)
Revised RomanizationMun Jaein
McCune–ReischauerMun Chaein
IPAmun dʑɛ̝.in

Moon Jae-in (Korean pronunciation: [mun dʑɛ̝.in]; born 24 January 1953) is the 12th and current President of South Korea.[1][2][3][4][5] He was elected after the impeachment of Park Geun-hye, in the 2017 presidential election.

A former student activist, human rights lawyer, and chief of staff to then-President Roh Moo-hyun,[6] Moon once served as leader of Minjoo Party of Korea (2015–2016) and a member of the 19th National Assembly (2012–2016). He was also a candidate of the former Democratic United Party in the 2012 presidential election in which he lost narrowly to Park Geun-hye.

Early life, education and military service

Born in Geoje, South Korea during the last year of the Korean War, Moon Jae-in was the second child and oldest son among five children of father Moon Yong-hyung and mother Kang Han-ok. His parents were refugees from South Hamgyeong Province, North Korea who fled their native city of Hungnam during the Hungnam evacuation.[7]

His family eventually settled in Busan. Since his father did not want to become a government employee, as he had been in North Korea, his father started a business selling socks which only left his family in great debt. His mother became the breadwinner by selling clothes received from relief organisations and delivering briquettes. Moon's family became attached to the Catholic church when his mother went to the local cathedral to receive whole milk powder. Moon once said in an interview that he doesn't know how to ride a bike since his family was desperately poor to afford a bike or monthly school tuition.

Moon entered Kyungnam High School at the top of his class.[7][8] He was accepted to study law at Kyunghee University where he met his future wife, Kim Jung-sook, with full scholarships.[9] He was arrested, convicted, and imprisoned and expelled from the university after he organized a student protest against the Yushin Constitution.[7][10][11] Later, he was conscripted into the military and assigned to the South Korean special forces, where he participated in "Operation Paul Bunyan" during the Axe murder incident in Panmunjom.[12][13] He was suggested to build his career in the military due to his outstanding works which was awarded by then-president Chun.

After his discharge, the death of his father influenced him to decide to pass the Bar Exam. He went into Daeheungsa, the Buddhist temple, to study the exam and passed its first of two rounds in 1979. In 1980 he returned to school to complete his remaining year of studies. In 1980 he passed the second round and was admitted to the Judicial Research and Training Institute. He graduated second in his class but was not admitted to become a judge or government prosecutor due to his history of activism against the Yushin dictatorship under Park Chung-hee's rule as a student.[14] Moon chose to go into private practice instead.

Other Languages
العربية: مون جاي إن
azərbaycanca: Mun Çje İn
বাংলা: মুন জে ইন
Bân-lâm-gú: Moon Jae-in
беларуская: Мун Чжэ Ін
Bikol Central: Moon Jae-in
български: Мун Дже-Ин
bosanski: Moon Jae-in
brezhoneg: Moon Jae-in
català: Moon Jae-in
čeština: Mun Če-in
Deutsch: Moon Jae-in
Ελληνικά: Μουν Τζε-ιν
español: Moon Jae-in
Esperanto: Mun Ĝe-In
euskara: Moon Jae-in
فارسی: مون جه-این
français: Moon Jae-in
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Moon Jae-in
한국어: 문재인
Հայերեն: Մուն Ջեին
हिन्दी: मून जे-इन
Bahasa Indonesia: Moon Jae-in
íslenska: Moon Jae-in
italiano: Moon Jae-in
қазақша: Мұн Же Ен
Кыргызча: Мун Чжэ Ин
Latina: Mun Jaein
Lëtzebuergesch: Moon Jae-in
lietuvių: Mun Džėinas
magyar: Mun Dzsein
Malagasy: Moon Jae-in
Bahasa Melayu: Moon Jae-in
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မွန်ဂျေအင်း
Nederlands: Moon Jae-in
日本語: 文在寅
occitan: Moon Jae-in
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Moon Jae-in
polski: Moon Jae-in
português: Moon Jae-in
русский: Мун Чжэ Ин
Simple English: Moon Jae-in
српски / srpski: Мун Џае Ин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Moon Jae-in
svenska: Moon Jae-in
Tagalog: Moon Jae-in
татарча/tatarça: Мун Чжэ Ин
Türkçe: Moon Jae-in
українська: Мун Чже Ін
Tiếng Việt: Moon Jae-in
吴语: 文在寅
粵語: 文在寅
中文: 文在寅