Montserrat

Montserrat

Motto: "A people of excellence, moulded by nature, nurtured by God"
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
National song: "Motherland"
Location of  Montserrat  (circled in red)
Location of  Montserrat  (circled in red)
Topographic map of Montserrat showing the "exclusion zone" due to volcanic activity, and the new airport in the north. The roads and settlements in the exclusion zone have mostly been destroyed.
Topographic map of Montserrat showing the "exclusion zone" due to volcanic activity, and the new airport in the north. The roads and settlements in the exclusion zone have mostly been destroyed.
StatusBritish Overseas Territory
Capital
Largest cityBrades
Official languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Montserratian
GovernmentParliamentary dependency under constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Governor
Andrew Pearce
• Premier
Donaldson Romeo
• UK government minister[d]
Tariq Ahmad
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Establishment
• English control established
1632
• Captured by the French
1782
• British rule restored
1783
Area
• Total
102 km2 (39 sq mi)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2012 estimate
4,900 (233rd)
• Density
44/km2 (114.0/sq mi) (153rd)
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
• Total
US$63 million[1] (not ranked)
• Per capita
US$12,384 (not ranked)
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC−4
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 664
ISO 3166 codeMS
Internet TLD.ms

Montserrat (t/) is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies. It is a British Overseas Territory (BOT). Montserrat measures approximately 16 km (10 mi) in length and 11 km (7 mi) in width, with approximately 40 km (25 mi) of coastline.[2] Montserrat is nicknamed "The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean" both for its resemblance to coastal Ireland and for the Irish ancestry of many of its inhabitants.[3][4]

On 18 July 1995, the previously dormant Soufrière Hills volcano, in the southern part of the island, became active. Eruptions destroyed Montserrat's Georgian era capital city of Plymouth. Between 1995 and 2000, two-thirds of the island's population was forced to flee, primarily to the United Kingdom, leaving fewer than 1,200 people on the island as of 1997 (rising to nearly 5,000 by 2016).[5][6] The volcanic activity continues, mostly affecting the vicinity of Plymouth, including its docking facilities, and the eastern side of the island around the former W. H. Bramble Airport, the remnants of which were buried by flows from volcanic activity on 11 February 2010.

An exclusion zone that extends from the south coast of the island north to parts of the Belham Valley was imposed because of the size of the existing volcanic dome and the resulting potential for pyroclastic activity. Visitors are generally not permitted entry into the exclusion zone, but a view of the destruction of Plymouth can be seen from the top of Garibaldi Hill in Isles Bay. Relatively quiet since early 2010, the volcano continues to be closely monitored by the Montserrat Volcano Observatory.[7][8]

A new town and port are being developed at Little Bay, which is on the northwest coast of the island. While this construction proceeds, the centre of government and businesses is at Brades.[9]

Etymology

In 1493, Christopher Columbus named the island Santa María de Montserrate, after the Virgin of Montserrat in the Monastery of Montserrat, on Montserrat mountain, near Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.[10] "Montserrat" means "serrated mountain" in Catalan.

False-color time-lapse images of the Soufrière Hills volcanic dome collapse in 2010, from NASA
Plymouth City and volcano
Eruption of the Soufrière Hills volcano on 22 September 1997
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Montserrat
Alemannisch: Montserrat
አማርኛ: ሞንትሠራት
Ænglisc: Montserrat
العربية: مونتسرات
arpetan: Montsarrat
asturianu: Montserrat
azərbaycanca: Montserrat
تۆرکجه: مونتسرات
Bân-lâm-gú: Montserrat
башҡортса: Монтсеррат
беларуская: Мантсерат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мансэрат
български: Монсерат
bosanski: Montserrat
brezhoneg: Enez Montserrat
Cymraeg: Montserrat
dansk: Montserrat
Deutsch: Montserrat
ދިވެހިބަސް: މޮންސެރާޓު
eesti: Montserrat
Ελληνικά: Μοντσερράτ
эрзянь: Монтсеррат
español: Montserrat
Esperanto: Moncerato
فارسی: مونتسرات
Fiji Hindi: Montserrat
Gaeilge: Montsarat
Gagauz: Montserrat
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Montserrat
한국어: 몬트세랫
հայերեն: Մոնտսերատ
हिन्दी: मॉण्टसेराट
hrvatski: Montserrat
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মন্টসের্রাট
Bahasa Indonesia: Montserrat
íslenska: Montserrat
עברית: מונטסראט
Basa Jawa: Montserrat
ქართული: მონსერატი
қазақша: Монтсеррат
kernowek: Montserrat
Kinyarwanda: Monserati
Kiswahili: Montserrat
Kreyòl ayisyen: Monsera
Кыргызча: Монтсеррат
кырык мары: Монтсеррат
Latina: Montserrat
latviešu: Montserrata
Lëtzebuergesch: Montserrat (Antillen)
lietuvių: Montseratas
Ligure: Montserrat
Limburgs: Montserrat
Lingua Franca Nova: Montserat
lumbaart: Montserrat
македонски: Монтсерат
მარგალური: მონსერატი
Bahasa Melayu: Montserrat
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Montserrat
нохчийн: Монтсеррат
Nordfriisk: Montserrat
norsk: Montserrat
norsk nynorsk: Montserrat
Novial: Montserat
occitan: Montserrat
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਂਟਸਰਾਤ
پنجابی: مونتسرات
Papiamentu: Montserrat
Patois: Mansarat
Plattdüütsch: Montserrat
português: Montserrat
Qaraqalpaqsha: Montserrat
română: Montserrat
русский: Монтсеррат
Scots: Montserrat
sicilianu: Montserrat
Simple English: Montserrat
slovenčina: Montserrat (ostrov)
slovenščina: Monserat
српски / srpski: Монтсерат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Montserrat
Basa Sunda: Montserrat
suomi: Montserrat
svenska: Montserrat
Tagalog: Montserrat
татарча/tatarça: Монтсеррат
Türkçe: Montserrat
українська: Монтсеррат
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مونتسەررات
Tiếng Việt: Montserrat
Winaray: Montserrat
Wolof: Montserrat
Yorùbá: Montserrat
Zazaki: Montserrat