Montreal

Montréal
City
City of Montreal
Ville de Montréal  (French)
From top to bottom, left to right: Downtown Montreal, Notre-Dame Basilica, Olympic Stadium, McGill University, Old Montreal featuring the Clock Tower and Jacques Cartier Bridge at the Fireworks Festival, Saint Joseph's Oratory
Flag of Montréal
Flag
Coat of arms of Montréal
Coat of arms
Official logo of Montréal
Logo
Nickname(s): "MTL", "Quebec's Metropolis", "The City of Festivals", "The City of Saints", "The Metropolis", "The City of a Hundred Steeples", "Sin City"[1][2][3][4]
Motto(s): Concordia Salus ("well-being through harmony")
Montréal is located in Canada
Montréal
Montréal
Location of Montreal in Canada
Montréal is located in Quebec
Montréal
Montréal
Montréal (Quebec)
Montréal is located in North America
Montréal
Montréal
Montréal (North America)
Coordinates: 45°30′N 73°34′W / 45°30′N 73°34′W / 45.500; -73.567
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontreal
UAUrban agglomeration of Montreal
FoundedMay 17, 1642
Incorporated1832
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 2002
Boroughs
Government[5]
 • TypeMontreal City Council
 • MayorValérie Plante
 • Federal riding
 • Prov. riding
 • MPs
Area[5][6]
 • City431.50 km2 (166.60 sq mi)
 • Land365.13 km2 (140.98 sq mi)
 • Urban[7]1,545.30 km2 (596.64 sq mi)
 • Metro[8]4,258.31 km2 (1,644.14 sq mi)
Highest elevation233 m (764 ft)
Lowest elevation6 m (20 ft)
Population (2016)[9]
 • City1,704,694
 • Density3,889.8/km2 (10,075/sq mi)
 • Urban[10]3,519,595
 • Urban density2,719.9/km2 (7,045/sq mi)
 • Metro[11]4,098,927 (2nd)
 • Metro density890.2/km2 (2,306/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011–2016Increase 2.9%
 • Dwellings939,112
Demonym(s)Montrealer
Montréalais(e)[12]
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)H (except H7 for Laval)
Area code(s)514 and 438
GDPUS$155.9 billion[13]
GDP per capitaUS$38,867[13]
Websiteville.montreal.qc.ca

Montreal (l/ (About this sound listen) AWL;[14] French: [mɔ̃ʁeal] (About this sound listen); officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary",[15] it is named after Mount Royal,[16] the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city,[17][18] and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold, snowy winters.[19]

In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694.[9] Montreal's metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927[11] and a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, with all of the municipalities on the Island of Montreal included.[9] French is the city's official language[20][21] and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages (in the 2016 census, not including multi-language responses).[9] In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.[11] The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French.[9] Montreal is the second-largest primarily French-speaking city in the world, after Paris.[22][23][24][25] It is situated 258 kilometres (160 mi) south-west of Quebec City.

Historically the commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s.[26] It remains an important centre of commerce, aerospace, transport, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, education, art, culture, tourism, food, fashion, gaming, film, and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America,[27] serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, and was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006.[28][29] In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking,[30] and the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings.[31]Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.[32][33] It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2016, Montreal was ranked as a Beta world city.[34] As of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One,[35] the Montreal International Jazz Festival[36] and the Just for Laughs festival.[37]

Name

In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi. It is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's southwest or Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide".[citation needed]

In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang[38] which means "the first stopping place"[citation needed] and is part of the seven fires prophecy.

The city was first named by European settlers Ville Marie, or "City of Mary",[15] named for the Virgin Mary.[39] Its current name comes from Mount Royal,[16] the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal, (Mont Royal in modern French, although in 16th-century French the terms réal and royal were used interchangeably); Cartier's 1535 diary entry, naming the mountain, refers to le mont Royal.[40] A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real;[41] this misconception has been dismissed by the Commission de toponymie du Québec.[40]

According to the Government of Canada, the Government of Quebec, the Commission de toponymie du Québec, and the Geographical Names Board of Canada, the names of Canadian cities and towns have only one official form. Thus, Montréal is officially spelled with an accented é in both Canadian English and French.[42][43][44] However, the accent in both Montreal and Quebec are often omitted in common English usage.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Montreal
Alemannisch: Montréal
አማርኛ: ሞንትሬያል
Ænglisc: Montreal
العربية: مونتريال
asturianu: Montreal
Avañe'ẽ: Montreal
azərbaycanca: Monreal
تۆرکجه: مونترآل
Bân-lâm-gú: Montréal
башҡортса: Монреаль
беларуская: Манрэаль
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Манрэаль
Bikol Central: Montreal
български: Монреал
Boarisch: Montreal
bosanski: Montréal
brezhoneg: Montreal
català: Mont-real
Cebuano: Montréal
čeština: Montréal
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Monteal
corsu: Montréal
Cymraeg: Montréal
dansk: Montreal
Deitsch: Montreal
Deutsch: Montreal
eesti: Montréal
Ελληνικά: Μόντρεαλ
español: Montreal
Esperanto: Montrealo
euskara: Montreal
فارسی: مونترآل
føroyskt: Montréal
français: Montréal
Frysk: Montreal
Gaeilge: Montréal
Gàidhlig: Montreal
galego: Montreal
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Montréal
한국어: 몬트리올
Hausa: Montréal
հայերեն: Մոնրեալ
हिन्दी: मॉन्ट्रियल
hrvatski: Montréal
Bahasa Indonesia: Montreal
interlingua: Montreal
Interlingue: Montreal
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᒧᕆᐊᓪ
íslenska: Montréal
italiano: Montréal
עברית: מונטריאול
kalaallisut: Montréal
ქართული: მონრეალი
қазақша: Монреаль
kernowek: Montreal
Kiswahili: Montreal
Kreyòl ayisyen: Monreyal (komin)
Кыргызча: Монреаль
Ladino: Montreal
Latina: Mons Regius
latviešu: Monreāla
Lëtzebuergesch: Montréal
lietuvių: Monrealis
lingála: Montréal
lumbaart: Montréal
magyar: Montréal
македонски: Монтреал
Malagasy: Montréal
മലയാളം: മൊൺട്രിയാൽ
Bahasa Melayu: Montreal
Nederlands: Montreal (Canada)
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᒧᓄᑐᐁᐊ
नेपाल भाषा: मोन्त्रियल
Napulitano: Mundreale
нохчийн: Монреаль
norsk: Montréal
norsk nynorsk: Montreal
occitan: Montreal
олык марий: Монреаль
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Montreal
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਂਟਰੀਆਲ
پنجابی: مونٹریال
Papiamentu: Montreal
Picard: Montréal
Piemontèis: Montréal (Canadà)
Tok Pisin: Montreal
polski: Montreal
português: Montreal
română: Montréal
Runa Simi: Montreal
русский: Монреаль
саха тыла: Монреал
sardu: Montreal
Scots: Montreal
Sesotho sa Leboa: Montréal
shqip: Montreali
sicilianu: Montréal
Simple English: Montreal
slovenčina: Montreal
slovenščina: Montréal
ślůnski: Montreal
Soomaaliga: Montreal
српски / srpski: Монтреал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Montreal
suomi: Montreal
svenska: Montréal
Taqbaylit: Montreal
татарча/tatarça: Монреаль
తెలుగు: మాంట్రియల్
тоҷикӣ: Монреал
Türkçe: Montreal
українська: Монреаль
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Montréal
Vahcuengh: Montreal
vepsän kel’: Monreal'
Tiếng Việt: Montréal
Volapük: Montréal
Winaray: Montreal
ייִדיש: מאנטרעאל
粵語: 滿地可
žemaitėška: Muonrealės
中文: 蒙特利尔