Montmartre

Montmartre, including the Basilica of the Sacré-Cœur
A Garden in Montmartre by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1880s)
Montmartre is located in Paris
Montmartre
Montmartre
Location of Montmartre in Paris
Saint-Pierre de Montmartre (originally 1133, much of it destroyed in 1790 and rebuilt in the 19th century) seen from the dome of the Basilica of the Sacré-Cœur
The Moulin de la Galette, painted by Vincent van Gogh in 1887 (Carnegie Museum of Art)

Montmartre (UK: ə/ MAR-trə,[1][2] US: ˈ-/ mohn-,[2][3] French: [mɔ̃maʁtʁ] (About this soundlisten)) is a large hill in Paris's 18th arrondissement. It is 130 m (430 ft) high and gives its name to the surrounding district, part of the Right Bank in the northern section of the city. The historic district established by the City of Paris in 1995 is bordered by rue Caulaincourt and rue Custine on the north, rue de Clignancourt on the east, and boulevard de Clichy and boulevard de Rochechouart to the south,[4] containing 60 ha (150 acres).[5] Montmartre is primarily known for its artistic history, the white-domed Basilica of the Sacré-Cœur on its summit, and as a nightclub district. The other church on the hill, Saint Pierre de Montmartre, built in 1147, was the church of the prestigious Montmartre Abbey. On August 15, 1534, Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Saint Francis Xavier and five other companions bound themselves by vows in the Martyrium of Saint Denis, 11 rue Yvonne Le Tac, the first step in the creation of the Jesuits.[6]

Near the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the twentieth, during the Belle Époque, many artists lived in, had studios, or worked in or around Montmartre, including Amedeo Modigliani, Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Suzanne Valadon, Piet Mondrian, Pablo Picasso, Camille Pissarro, and Vincent van Gogh. Montmartre is also the setting for several hit films.

This site is served by metro, with line 2 stations at Anvers, Pigalle, and Blanche, and line 12 stations at Pigalle, Abbesses, Lamarck – Caulaincourt, and Jules Joffrin.

Etymology

The toponym Mons Martis, Latin for "Mount of Mars", survived into Merovingian times, gallicised as Montmartre.[7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Montmartre
العربية: حي مونمارتر
azərbaycanca: Monmartr
Bân-lâm-gú: Montmartre
беларуская: Манмартр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Манмартр
български: Монмартър
català: Montmartre
čeština: Montmartre
dansk: Montmartre
Deutsch: Montmartre
eesti: Montmartre
Ελληνικά: Μονμάρτρη
español: Montmartre
Esperanto: Montmartre
euskara: Montmartre
français: Montmartre
galego: Montmartre
한국어: 몽마르트르
հայերեն: Մոնմարտր
hrvatski: Montmartre
Bahasa Indonesia: Montmartre
italiano: Montmartre
עברית: מונמארטר
latviešu: Monmartrs
Lëtzebuergesch: Montmartre
lietuvių: Monmartras
македонски: Монмартр
Nederlands: Montmartre
norsk: Montmartre
norsk nynorsk: Montmartre
polski: Montmartre
português: Montmartre
română: Montmartre
русский: Монмартр
sardu: Montmarte
Simple English: Montmartre
slovenčina: Montmartre
српски / srpski: Монмартр
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Montmartre
suomi: Montmartre
svenska: Montmartre
Türkçe: Montmartre
українська: Монмартр
Tiếng Việt: Montmartre
粵語: 蒙馬特
中文: 蒙馬特