Montana

Montana
State of Montana
Nickname(s): 
Big Sky Country, The Treasure State
Motto(s): 
Oro y Plata (Gold and Silver)
Anthem: Montana
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMontana Territory
Admitted to the UnionNovember 8, 1889 (41st)
CapitalHelena
Largest cityBillings
Largest metroBillings metropolitan area
Government
 • GovernorSteve Bullock (D)
 • Lieutenant governorMike Cooney (D)
LegislatureMontana Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJon Tester (D)
Steve Daines (R)
U.S. House delegationGreg Gianforte (R) (list)
Area
 • Total147,040[1] sq mi (380,800 km2)
 • Land145,552[2] sq mi (145,552 square miles (376,980 km2) km2)
 • Water1,491 sq mi (3,862 km2)  1%
Area rank4th
Dimensions
 • Length255 mi (410 km)
 • Width630 mi (1,015 km)
Elevation
3,400 ft (1,040 m)
Highest elevation12,807 ft (3,903.5 m)
Lowest elevation1,804 ft (557 m)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,062,305
 • Rank43rd
 • Density7.09/sq mi (2.73/km2)
 • Density rank48th
 • Median household income
$53,386 [5]
 • Income rank
38th
Demonym(s)Montanan
Language
 • Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC-07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
MT
ISO 3166 codeUS-MT
www.mt.gov
Montana state symbols
Flag of Montana.svg
Seal of Montana.svg
Living insignia
BirdWestern meadowlark
ButterflyMourning cloak
FishWestslope cutthroat trout
FlowerBitterroot
MammalGrizzly bear
TreePonderosa pine
Inanimate insignia
FossilMaiasaura peeblesorum
GemstoneSapphire, Agate
SloganBig Sky Country
State route marker
Montana state route marker
State quarter
Montana quarter dollar coin
Released in 2007
Lists of United States state symbols

Montana (ə/ (About this soundlisten)) is a state in the Northwestern United States. Montana has several nicknames, although none are official,[6] including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "The Last Best Place".[7]

Montana is the fourth-largest in area, the 8th least populous, and the third-least densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. The western half of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller island ranges are found throughout the state. In all, 77 named ranges are part of the Rocky Mountains. The eastern half of Montana is characterized by western prairie terrain and badlands. Montana is bordered by Idaho to the west, Wyoming to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota to the east, and the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to the north.

The economy is primarily based on agriculture, including ranching and cereal grain farming. Other significant economic resources include oil, gas, coal, hard rock mining, and lumber. The health care, service, and government sectors also are significant to the state's economy.

The state's fastest-growing sector is tourism. Nearly 13 million tourists annually visit Glacier National Park, Yellowstone National Park, Beartooth Highway, Flathead Lake, Big Sky Resort, and other attractions.[8]

Etymology and naming history

The name Montana comes from the Spanish word montaña, which in turn comes from the Latin word montanea, meaning "mountain", or more broadly, "mountainous country".[9][10] Montaña del Norte was the name given by early Spanish explorers to the entire mountainous region of the west.[10] The name Montana was added to a bill by the United States House Committee on Territories, which was chaired at the time by Rep. James Ashley of Ohio, for the territory that would become Idaho Territory.[11] The name was changed by Representatives Henry Wilson (Massachusetts) and Benjamin F. Harding (Oregon), who complained Montana had "no meaning".[11] When Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864 for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory.[12] This time, Rep. Samuel Cox, also of Ohio, objected to the name.[12] Cox complained the name was a misnomer given most of the territory was not mountainous and a Native American name would be more appropriate than a Spanish one.[12] Other names such as Shoshone were suggested, but the Committee on Territories decided they could name it whatever they wanted, so the original name of Montana was adopted.[12]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Montana
አማርኛ: ሞንታና
Ænglisc: Montǣna
العربية: مونتانا
aragonés: Montana
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܘܢܬܐܢܐ
arpetan: Montana
asturianu: Montana
Avañe'ẽ: Montana
Aymar aru: Montana suyu
azərbaycanca: Montana
বাংলা: মন্টানা
Bân-lâm-gú: Montana
беларуская: Мантана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мантана
भोजपुरी: मोंटाना
Bikol Central: Montana
Bislama: Montana
български: Монтана (щат)
Boarisch: Montana
བོད་ཡིག: མོན་ཏཱ་ན།
bosanski: Montana
brezhoneg: Montana
буряад: Монтана
català: Montana
Чӑвашла: Монтана
čeština: Montana
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Montana
corsu: Montana
Cymraeg: Montana
dansk: Montana
davvisámegiella: Montana
Deitsch: Montana
Deutsch: Montana
eesti: Montana
Ελληνικά: Μοντάνα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Muntàna
español: Montana
Esperanto: Montano
euskara: Montana
فارسی: مونتانا
Fiji Hindi: Montana
føroyskt: Montana
français: Montana
Frysk: Montana
Gaeilge: Montana
Gaelg: Montana
Gagauz: Montana
Gàidhlig: Montana
galego: Montana
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Montana
хальмг: Монтана
한국어: 몬태나주
Hausa: Montana
Hawaiʻi: Monekana
հայերեն: Մոնտանա
हिन्दी: मोन्टाना
hrvatski: Montana
Ido: Montana
Igbo: Montana
Ilokano: Montana
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মন্টানা
Bahasa Indonesia: Montana
interlingua: Montana
Interlingue: Montana
Iñupiak: Montana
Ирон: Монтанæ
isiXhosa: IMontana
íslenska: Montana
italiano: Montana
עברית: מונטנה
Jawa: Montana
Kabɩyɛ: Mɔntanaa
Kapampangan: Montana
ქართული: მონტანა
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: مان‍ٹانا
қазақша: Монтана
kernowek: Montana
Kiswahili: Montana
Kreyòl ayisyen: Montana
kurdî: Montana
Кыргызча: Монтана штаты
кырык мары: Монтана
Ladino: Montana
لۊری شومالی: مونتانا
Latina: Montana
latviešu: Montāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Montana
lietuvių: Montana
Ligure: Montann-a
Limburgs: Montana
Lingua Franca Nova: Montana
lumbaart: Montana
मैथिली: मोन्टाना
македонски: Монтана
Malagasy: Montana
മലയാളം: മൊണ്ടാന
Māori: Montana
मराठी: मोंटाना
მარგალური: მონტანა
مصرى: مونتانا
مازِرونی: مونتانا
Bahasa Melayu: Montana
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Montana
Dorerin Naoero: Montana
Nederlands: Montana (staat)
नेपाली: मोन्टाना
नेपाल भाषा: मोन्ताना
日本語: モンタナ州
нохчийн: Монтана
Nordfriisk: Montana
norsk: Montana
norsk nynorsk: Montana
occitan: Montana
олык марий: Монтана
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Montana
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੋਂਟਾਨਾ
پنجابی: مونٹانا
Papiamentu: Montana
پښتو: مونتانا
Piemontèis: Montan-a
Plattdüütsch: Montana
polski: Montana
português: Montana
română: Montana
rumantsch: Montana (stadi)
Runa Simi: Montana suyu
русский: Монтана
саха тыла: Монтана
संस्कृतम्: मान्‍टाना
sardu: Montana
Scots: Montana
Seeltersk: Montana
shqip: Montana
sicilianu: Montana
Simple English: Montana
slovenčina: Montana (USA)
slovenščina: Montana
ślůnski: Můntana
کوردی: مۆنتانا
српски / srpski: Монтана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Montana
suomi: Montana
svenska: Montana
Tagalog: Montana
татарча/tatarça: Монтана
тоҷикӣ: Монтана
Tsetsêhestâhese: Ho'honáéšé'e
Türkçe: Montana
українська: Монтана
اردو: مونٹانا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Montana Shitati
vèneto: Montana
Tiếng Việt: Montana
Volapük: Montana
文言: 蒙大拿州
Winaray: Montana
ייִדיש: מאנטענע
Yorùbá: Montana
粵語: 蒙大拿州
Zazaki: Montana
Zeêuws: Montana
žemaitėška: Montana
中文: 蒙大拿州