Monsanto Company
Traded asMON
S&P 100 Component
FoundedSeptember 26, 1901; 116 years ago (1901-09-26)
(Spun off from Pharmacia & Upjohn)
FounderJohn Francis Queeny
HeadquartersCreve Coeur, Missouri, U.S.
Key people
  • Increase US$14.64 billion
  • (FY AUG 31 2017)[1]
  • Increase US$3.21 billion
  • (FY AUG 31 2017)[1]
  • Increase US$2.27 billion
  • (FY AUG 31 2017)[1]
Total assets
  • Increase US$21.33 billion
  • (FY AUG 31 2017)[1]
Total equity
  • Increase US$6.46 billion
  • (FY AUG 31 2017)[1]
Number of employees
  • c. 20,500 (regular)[1] c. 2,800 (temporary)[1]

Monsanto Company is a publicly traded American multinational agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation. It is headquartered in Creve Coeur, Greater St. Louis, Missouri. Monsanto developed Roundup, a glyphosate-based herbicide in the 1970s and is now a major producer of genetically engineered crops.

Monsanto has agreed to accept Bayer's offer to purchase the company for $66 billion ($128/share) in September 2016, and the deal is currently pending regulatory approval.[2][3][needs update]


Monsanto has been involved in research on catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation and the first mass-produced light-emitting diodes (LEDs)[4][1] in addition to its work on genetic engineering.

Monsanto was one of four groups to introduce genes into plants (1983),[5] and was among the first to conduct field trials of genetically modified crops, (1987). It was one of the top 10 U.S. chemical companies until it divested most of its chemical businesses between 1997 and 2002, through a process of mergers and spin-offs that focused the company on biotechnology.

Monsanto was one of the first companies to apply the biotechnology industry business model to agriculture, using techniques developed by biotech drug companies.[6]:2–6 In this business model, companies recoup R&D expenses by exploiting biological patents.[7][8][9][10]

Monsanto's roles in agricultural changes, biotechnology products and lobbying of government agencies and roots as a chemical company have surrounded the company in controversies. The company once manufactured controversial products such as the insecticide DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange and recombinant bovine growth hormone. Its seed patenting model was criticized as biopiracy and a threat to biodiversity.[11][12][13]

Other Languages
العربية: مونسانتو
Bân-lâm-gú: Monsanto
български: Monsanto
brezhoneg: Monsanto
català: Monsanto
čeština: Monsanto
Cymraeg: Monsanto
dansk: Monsanto
Deutsch: Monsanto
eesti: Monsanto
Ελληνικά: Monsanto
español: Monsanto
Esperanto: Monsanto
euskara: Monsanto
فارسی: مونسانتو
français: Monsanto
한국어: 몬산토
hrvatski: Monsanto
Bahasa Indonesia: Monsanto
עברית: מונסנטו
latviešu: Monsanto
lietuvių: Monsanto
magyar: Monsanto
македонски: Монсанто
Nederlands: Monsanto (bedrijf)
norsk: Monsanto
polski: Monsanto
português: Monsanto (empresa)
română: Monsanto
русский: Monsanto Company
Scots: Monsanto
slovenčina: Monsanto
српски / srpski: Monsanto
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Monsanto
suomi: Monsanto
svenska: Monsanto
українська: Monsanto
粵語: 孟山都
中文: 孟山都