Mongols

Mongols
Монголчууд
Mongolchuud
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ
Total population
c. 10–11 million (2016)
Regions with significant populations
 Mongolia     3,201,377[1]
 China (mainly in the autonomous region of Inner Mongolia)6,146,730 (2015)[2]
 Russia822,763[3]
 South Korea41,500[4]
 United States18,000–20,500[5]
 Kyrgyzstan10,000[6]
 Czech Republic7,895[7]
 Japan7,340[8]
 Canada6,311[9]
 Germany4,056[8]
 United Kingdom3,331[8]
 France2,459[8]
 Turkey2,143[8]
 Kazakhstan2,723[8]
 Austria2,007[10]
 Malaysia1,530[8]
Languages
Mongolian language
Religion
Predominantly Tibetan Buddhism, background of shamanism.[11][12][13] minority Sunni Islam, Eastern Orthodox Church, Taoism, Bön and Protestantism.
Related ethnic groups
Proto-Mongols, Khitan people

The Mongols (Mongolian: Монголчууд, ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud, [ˈmɔŋ.ɢɔɮ.t͡ʃʊːt]) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and to China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. They also live as minorities in other regions of China (e.g. Xinjiang), as well as in Russia. Mongolian people belonging to the Buryat and Kalmyk subgroups live predominantly in the Russian federal subjects of Buryatia and Kalmykia.

The Mongols are bound together by a common heritage and ethnic identity. Their indigenous dialects are collectively known as the Mongolian language. The ancestors of the modern-day Mongols are referred to as Proto-Mongols.

Definition

Broadly defined, the term includes the Mongols proper (also known as the Khalkha Mongols), Buryats, Oirats, the Kalmyk people and the Southern Mongols. The latter comprises the Abaga Mongols, Abaganar, Aohans, Baarins, Gorlos Mongols, Jalaids, Jaruud, Khishigten, Khuuchid, Muumyangan and Onnigud.

The designation "Mongol" briefly appeared in 8th century records of Tang China to describe a tribe of Shiwei. It resurfaced in the late 11th century during the Khitan-ruled Liao dynasty. After the fall of the Liao in 1125, the Khamag Mongols became a leading tribe on the Mongolian Plateau. However, their wars with the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty and the Tatar confederation had weakened them.

In the thirteenth century, the word Mongol grew into an umbrella term for a large group of Mongolic-speaking tribes united under the rule of Genghis Khan.[14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mongole
Alemannisch: Mongolen
Ænglisc: Mongolas
العربية: مغول
aragonés: Pueblos mongols
asturianu: Mongoles
azərbaycanca: Monqollar
বাংলা: মঙ্গোল
Bân-lâm-gú: Bông-kó͘-cho̍k
беларуская: Манголы
Bikol Central: Mongol
български: Монголци
བོད་ཡིག: སོག་པོ།
bosanski: Mongoli
brezhoneg: Mongoled
буряад: Монголшууд
català: Mongols
Чӑвашла: Монголсем
čeština: Mongolové
Cymraeg: Mongolwyr
dansk: Mongoler
Deutsch: Mongolen
dolnoserbski: Mongole
eesti: Mongolid
Ελληνικά: Μογγόλοι
español: Mongol (etnia)
Esperanto: Mongoloj
euskara: Mongol
فارسی: مغول
français: Mongols
Frysk: Mongoalen
Gaeilge: Mógail
galego: Pobo mongol
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mùng-kú-chhu̍k
한국어: 몽골족
հայերեն: Մոնղոլներ
हिन्दी: मंगोल
Bahasa Indonesia: Suku Mongol
italiano: Mongoli
עברית: מונגולים
Basa Jawa: Wong Mongol
ქართული: მონღოლები
қазақша: Моңғолдар
kurdî: Mongol
Кыргызча: Монголдор
latviešu: Mongoļi
lietuvių: Mongolai
magyar: Mongolok
македонски: Монголци
മലയാളം: മംഗോളിയർ
मराठी: मंगोल
مصرى: مونجول
Bahasa Melayu: Orang Mongol
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mùng-gū-cŭk
Nederlands: Mongolen
नेपाली: मंगोल
нохчийн: Монголаш
norsk: Mongolene
norsk nynorsk: Mongolar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mongollar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੰਗੋਲ
پنجابی: منگول
polski: Mongołowie
português: Mongóis
română: Mongoli
саха тыла: Монголлар
Scots: Mongols
shqip: Mongolët
Simple English: Mongols
slovenščina: Mongoli
کوردی: مەغۆل
српски / srpski: Монголи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mongoli
Basa Sunda: Urang Mongol
suomi: Mongolit
svenska: Mongoler
Tagalog: Mga Monggol
Türkçe: Moğollar
Türkmençe: Mongollar
українська: Монголи
اردو: منگول
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: موڭغۇل مىللىتى
Vahcuengh: Munggujcuz
Tiếng Việt: Người Mông Cổ
吴语: 蒙人
粵語: 蒙古族
Zazaki: Moğol
中文: 蒙古族