Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (
Arabic: محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود; born 31 August 1985
[a]), also known as MBS,
 is the
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, also serving as First Deputy Prime Minister,
 President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs and
Minister of Defense—the world's youngest office holder at the time.
 He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father,
 He was appointed
 in June 2017 following his father's decision to remove
Muhammad bin Nayef from all positions, making Mohammad bin Salman
heir apparent to the throne.
 He has been accused of risking instability in the Middle East through his
detention of human rights activists,
intervention in Yemen, escalation of Saudi's
diplomatic crisis with Qatar
 and the start of the
diplomatic crisis with Lebanon, as well as his arrests of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017.
 His proposed
Saudi 2030 vision includes economic, social and religious changes, and plans to list shares of the coveted, state-owned oil company
Despite promised reforms, the arrests and persecutions rate of human rights activists have risen under Mohammad bin Salman.
Amnesty International and
Human Rights Watch continue to criticize the Saudi government for its violations of