Modena

Modena
Comune
Comune di Modena
Clockwise from top: Modena Cathedral and Ghirlandina Tower, Modena City Hall, Ducal Palace and San Domenico Church seen from Piazza Dante, Portico del Collegio
Clockwise from top: Modena Cathedral and Ghirlandina Tower, Modena City Hall, Ducal Palace and San Domenico Church seen from Piazza Dante, Portico del Collegio
Flag of Modena
Flag
Coat of arms of Modena
Coat of arms
Modena is located in Italy
Modena
Modena
Location of Modena in Italy
Coordinates: 44°38′49″N 10°55′32″E / 44°38′49″N 10°55′32″E / 44.64694; 10.92556
CountryItaly
RegionEmilia-Romagna
ProvinceModena (MO)
FrazioniAlbareto, Baggiovara, Ca' Fusara, Cognento, Cittanova, Collegara, Ganaceto, Lesignana, Marzaglia, Navicello, Portile, San Damaso, San Donnino, Tre Olmi, Villanova
Government
 • MayorGiancarlo Muzzarelli (PD)
Area
 • Total183.23 km2 (70.75 sq mi)
Elevation34 m (112 ft)
Population (31 December 2015)
 • Total184,732
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Modenese(i)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code41121-41126
Dialing code059
Patron saintSan Geminiano
Saint dayJanuary 31
WebsiteOfficial website
Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena
UNESCO World Heritage site
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, iii, iv
Reference827
Inscription1997 (21st Session)

Modena (Italian: [ˈmɔːdena] (About this sound listen); Etruscan: Mutna; Latin: Mutina; Modenese: Mòdna) is a city and comune (municipality) on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

An ancient town, and seat of an archbishop, it is known for its automotive industry since the factories of the famous Italian sports car makers Ferrari, De Tomaso, Lamborghini, Pagani and Maserati are, or were, located here and all, except Lamborghini, have headquarters in the city or nearby. One of Ferrari's cars, the 360 Modena, was named after the town itself.

The University of Modena, founded in 1175 and expanded by Francesco II d'Este in 1686, has traditional strengths in economics, medicine and law and is the second oldest athenaeum in Italy. Italian military officers are trained at the Military Academy of Modena, and partly housed in the Baroque Ducal Palace. The Biblioteca Estense houses historical volumes and 3,000 manuscripts. The Cathedral of Modena, the Torre della Ghirlandina and Piazza Grande are a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.

Modena is also known in culinary circles for its production of balsamic vinegar.

Famous Modenesi include Mary of Modena, the Queen consort of England and Scotland; operatic tenor Luciano Pavarotti and soprano Mirella Freni, born in Modena itself; Enzo Ferrari, eponymous founder of the Ferrari motor company; Catholic priest Gabriele Amorth; chef Massimo Bottura; comics artist Franco Bonvicini; the band Modena City Ramblers and singer-songwriter Francesco Guccini, who lived here for several decades.

Geography

Modena lies on the Pianura Padana, and is bounded by the two rivers Secchia and Panaro, both affluents of the Po River. Their presence is symbolized by the Two Rivers Fountain in the city's center, by Giuseppe Graziosi. The city is connected to the Panaro by the Naviglio channel.

The Apennines begin some 10 kilometres (6 miles) from the city, to the south.

The commune is divided into four circoscrizioni. These are:

  • Centro storico (Historical Center, San Cataldo)
  • Crocetta (San Lazzaro-East Modena, Crocetta)
  • Buon Pastore (Buon Pastore, Sant'Agnese, San Damaso)
  • San Faustino (S.Faustino-Saliceta San Giuliano, Madonnina-Quattro Ville)

Climate

Modena has a humid subtropical climate, with an average annual precipitation of 809 millimetres (31.9 in). Summers are warm and winters are chilly and wetter, with the possibility of snowfall. This climate is described by the Köppen climate classification as Cfa.

Climate data for Modena
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
8.5
(47.3)
13.1
(55.6)
17.6
(63.7)
22.5
(72.5)
26.8
(80.2)
29.7
(85.5)
29.0
(84.2)
25.0
(77)
19.0
(66.2)
12.3
(54.1)
6.5
(43.7)
18
(64.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
4.6
(40.3)
8.7
(47.7)
12.8
(55)
17.2
(63)
21.2
(70.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
19.8
(67.6)
14.5
(58.1)
8.9
(48)
3.5
(38.3)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
0.8
(33.4)
4.3
(39.7)
8.0
(46.4)
12.0
(53.6)
15.7
(60.3)
17.9
(64.2)
17.6
(63.7)
14.6
(58.3)
10.0
(50)
5.6
(42.1)
0.6
(33.1)
8.9
(48)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 55
(2.17)
54
(2.13)
65
(2.56)
77
(3.03)
71
(2.8)
63
(2.48)
46
(1.81)
59
(2.32)
67
(2.64)
87
(3.43)
94
(3.7)
71
(2.8)
809
(31.87)
Source: Climate Data[1]
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Modena
Alemannisch: Modena
العربية: مودينا
asturianu: Módena
azərbaycanca: Modena
تۆرکجه: مودنا
Bân-lâm-gú: Modena
беларуская: Модэна
български: Модена
bosanski: Modena
brezhoneg: Modena
català: Mòdena
čeština: Modena
Cymraeg: Modena
dansk: Modena
Deutsch: Modena
eesti: Modena
Ελληνικά: Μόντενα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Mòdna
español: Módena
Esperanto: Modeno
euskara: Modena
فارسی: مودنا
français: Modène
Gaeilge: Modena
galego: Módena
한국어: 모데나
Հայերեն: Մոդենա
hrvatski: Modena
Ido: Modena
Bahasa Indonesia: Modena
interlingua: Modena
íslenska: Módena
italiano: Modena
עברית: מודנה
ქართული: მოდენა
қазақша: Модена
Kiswahili: Modena
Latina: Mutina
latviešu: Modēna
lietuvių: Modena
lumbaart: Modena
magyar: Modena
Bahasa Melayu: Modena
монгол: Модена
Nederlands: Modena (stad)
日本語: モデナ
Napulitano: Modena
norsk: Modena
norsk nynorsk: Modena
occitan: Modena
پنجابی: موڈینا
Piemontèis: Mòdena
polski: Modena
português: Módena
română: Modena
Runa Simi: Modena
русский: Модена
संस्कृतम्: मोडेना
sardu: Modena
Scots: Modena
shqip: Modena
sicilianu: Mòdena
Simple English: Modena
slovenčina: Modena
slovenščina: Modena
ślůnski: Modena
српски / srpski: Модена
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Modena
suomi: Modena
svenska: Modena
tarandíne: Modena
татарча/tatarça: Модена
Türkçe: Modena
українська: Модена
اردو: مودینا
vèneto: Modena
Tiếng Việt: Modena
Volapük: Modena
Winaray: Modena
粵語: 摩德納
中文: 摩德納