Miyagi Prefecture

Miyagi Prefecture

宮城県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese宮城県
 • RōmajiMiyagi-ken
Flag of Miyagi Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Miyagi Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Miyagi Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
IslandHonshu
CapitalSendai
Government
 • GovernorYoshihiro Murai
Area
 • Total7,285.16 km2 (2,812.82 sq mi)
Area rank17th
Population
(June 30, 2016)
 • Total2,321,358
 • Rank15th
 • Density318.64/km2 (825.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-04
Districts10
Municipalities35
FlowerMiyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii)
TreeJapanese zelkova
(Zelkova serrata)
BirdWild www.pref.miyagi.jp

Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県, Miyagi-ken) is a prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan.[1] The capital is Sendai.[2]

History

Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu.[3] Mutsu Province, on northern Honshu, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital was at Taga-jō in modern Miyagi Prefecture.

In the third month of the second year of the Wadō era (709), there was an uprising against governmental authority in Mutsu Province and in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were promptly dispatched to subdue the revolt.[4]

In Wadō 5 (712), the land of Mutsu Province was administratively separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province; and Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.[4]

During the Sengoku period various clans ruled different parts of the province. The Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south, the Nanbu clan at Morioka in the north, and Date Masamune, a close ally of the Tokugawa, established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.

In the Meiji period, four new provinces were created from parts of Mutsu: Rikuchū, Rikuzen, Iwaki, and Iwashiro.

The area that is now Aomori Prefecture continued to be part of Mutsu until the abolition of the han system and the nationwide conversion to the prefectural structure of modern Japan.

Date Masamune built a castle at Sendai as his seat to rule Mutsu. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area.[5] The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 meters high in Miyagi Prefecture.[6]

On April 7, 2011: 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes off the coast of Miyagi, Japan, Japan's meteorological agency says. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at this time.

Officials from the U.S. Geological Survey later downgraded the magnitude to 7.1 from 7.4.[7]

In 2013, Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako visited the prefecture to see the progress made since the tsunami.[8]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Miyaqi prefekturası
Bân-lâm-gú: Miyagi-koān
Bikol Central: Prepekturang Miyagi
български: Мияги
Cebuano: Miyagi-ken
davvisámegiella: Miyagi prefektuvra
Esperanto: Gubernio Mijagi
贛語: 宮城縣
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Miyagi-yen
한국어: 미야기현
Bahasa Indonesia: Prefektur Miyagi
Kiswahili: Mkoa wa Miyagi
मराठी: मियागी
Bahasa Melayu: Wilayah Miyagi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Miyagi-gâing
монгол: Мияги
日本語: 宮城県
پنجابی: ضلع میاگی
Simple English: Miyagi Prefecture
српски / srpski: Префектура Мијаги
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Prefektura Mijagi
Basa Sunda: Miyagi Prefecture
українська: Префектура Міяґі
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مىياگى ناھىيىسى
Tiếng Việt: Miyagi
文言: 宮城縣
吴语: 宮城县
粵語: 宮城縣
žemaitėška: Mijagė prefektūra
中文: 宮城縣