Mixed (United Kingdom ethnicity category)

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Mixed
Total population
1,250,229[1]
England England 1,192,879 (2011)[2]
White and Black Caribbean – 426,715
White and Black African – 165,974
White and Asian – 341,727
Other Mixed – 289,984
Wales Wales 31,521 (2011)[2]
Scotland Scotland 19,815 (2011)[1]
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland 6,014 (2011)[3]

Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census. Colloquially it refers to British citizens or residents whose parents are of two or more different races or ethnic backgrounds. Mixed race people are the fastest growing ethnic group in the UK and numbered 1.25 million in the 2011 census.

Statistics

In the 2001 census, 677,177 classified themselves as of mixed race, making up 1.2 percent of the UK population.[4] Office for National Statistics estimates suggest that 956,700 mixed race people were resident in England (as opposed to the whole of the UK) as of mid-2009, compared to 654,000 at mid-2001.[5] As of May 2011, this figure surpassed 1 million.[6] It has been estimated that, by 2020, 1.24 million people in the UK will be of mixed race.[7] Research conducted by the BBC, however, suggests that the mixed race population could already be twice the official estimate figure - up to 2 million.[8]

3.5 percent of all births in England and Wales in 2005 were mixed race babies, with 0.9 percent being Mixed White and Black Caribbean, 0.5 percent White and Black African, 0.8 percent White and Asian, and 1.3 percent any other mixed background.[9]

Mixed-race people are the fastest growing ethnic minority group (defined according to the National Statistics classification) in the UK and, with all mixed categories counted as one sole group, are predicted to be the largest minority group by 2020 (above British Indian).[10]

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