State of Mississippi
"The Magnolia State", "The Hospitality State"
Virtute et Armis
Anthem: Go, Mississippi
Map of the United States with Mississippi highlighted
Map of the United States with Mississippi highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMississippi Territory
Admitted to the UnionDecember 10, 1817 (20th)
(and largest city)
Largest metroGreater Jackson
 • GovernorPhil Bryant (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorTate Reeves (R)
 • Total48,430 sq mi (125,443 km2)
 • Land46,952 sq mi (121,607 km2)
 • Water1,521 sq mi (3,940 km2)  3%%
Area rank32nd
 • Length340 mi (545 km)
 • Width170 mi (275 km)
300 ft (90 m)
Highest elevation807 ft (246.0 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
 • Total2,986,530 (2,018)
 • Rank34th
 • Density63.5/sq mi (24.5/km2)
 • Density rank32nd
 • Median household income
$43,529 [4]
 • Income rank
 • Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC-06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-MS
Trad. abbreviationMiss.
LegislatureMississippi Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsRoger Wicker (R)
Cindy Hyde-Smith (R)
U.S. House delegation1: Trent Kelly (R)
2: Bennie Thompson (D)
3: Michael Guest (R)
4: Steven Palazzo (R) (www.ms.gov
Mississippi state symbols
Flag of Mississippi.svg
Seal of Mississippi (2014–present).svg
Coat of arms of Mississippi.svg
Living insignia
MammalWhite-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Inanimate insignia
Colorsred and blue
FoodSweet potato
SloganFirst Flight (unofficial)
State route marker
Mississippi state route marker
State quarter
Mississippi quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols

Mississippi (i/ (About this soundlisten)) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd largest and 34th-most populous of the 50 United States. Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the southwest by Louisiana, and to the northwest by Arkansas. Mississippi's western boundary is largely defined by the Mississippi River. Jackson is both the state's capital and largest city. Greater Jackson, with an estimated population of 580,166 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in Mississippi and the 95th-most populous in the United States.

On December 10, 1817, Mississippi became the 20th state admitted to the Union. By 1860, Mississippi was the nation's top cotton producing state and enslaved persons accounted for 55% of the state population.[5] Mississippi declared its secession from the Union on March 23, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. Following the Civil War, it was restored to the Union on February 23, 1870.[6] Until the Great Migration of the 1930s, African Americans were a majority of Mississippi's population. Mississippi was the site of many prominent events during the American Civil Rights movement, including the 1962 Ole Miss riots, the 1963 assassination of Medgar Evers, and the 1964 Freedom Summer murders. Mississippi frequently ranks low among states in measures of health, education, poverty, and development.[7][8][9][10] In 2010, 37.3% of Mississippi's population was African American, the highest percentage for any state.

Mississippi is almost entirely within the Gulf coastal plain, and generally consists of lowland plains and low hills. The northwest remainder of the state consists of the Mississippi Delta, a section of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. Mississippi's highest point is Woodall Mountain at 807 feet (246 m) above sea level adjacent to the Cumberland Plateau; the lowest is the Gulf of Mexico. Mississippi has a humid subtropical climate classification.


The state's name is derived from the Mississippi River, which flows along its western boundary. Settlers named it after the Ojibwe word misi-ziibi ("Great River").

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mississippi
አማርኛ: ሚሲሲፒ
Ænglisc: Mississippi
العربية: مسيسيبي
aragonés: Mississippi
asturianu: Mississippi
Avañe'ẽ: Misisipi
Aymar aru: Mississippi suyu
azərbaycanca: Missisipi ştatı
বাংলা: মিসিসিপি
Bân-lâm-gú: Mississippi
башҡортса: Миссисипи (штат)
беларуская: Місісіпі (штат)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Місысыпі (штат)
भोजपुरी: मिसिसिपी
Bikol Central: Mississippi
Bislama: Mississippi
български: Мисисипи (щат)
bosanski: Mississippi
буряад: Миссисипи
català: Mississipí
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Mississippi
davvisámegiella: Mississippi
Ελληνικά: Μισισίπι
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Missisìpi
español: Misisipi
Esperanto: Misisipio
euskara: Mississippi
فارسی: میسیسیپی
Fiji Hindi: Mississippi
føroyskt: Mississippi
Gaeilge: Mississippi
Gagauz: Mississippi
Gàidhlig: Mississippi
galego: Mississippi
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mississippi
хальмг: Миссисипи
한국어: 미시시피주
Hawaiʻi: Mikikipi
հայերեն: Միսսիսիպի
हिन्दी: मिसिसिप्पी
hrvatski: Mississippi
Ilokano: Mississippi
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মিসিসিপি (রাজ্য)
Bahasa Indonesia: Mississippi
interlingua: Mississippi
Interlingue: Mississippi
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᒦᓰᓰᐲ (ᐃᓗᐊᓂ)
Iñupiak: Mississippi
isiXhosa: IMisisiphi
italiano: Mississippi
Kabɩyɛ: Misisipii
Kapampangan: Mississippi
kernowek: Mississippi
Kiswahili: Mississippi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Misisipi (eta)
kurdî: Mississippi
кырык мары: Миссисипи (штат)
Ladino: Misisipi
لۊری شومالی: می سی سی پی
Latina: Mississippia
Lëtzebuergesch: Mississippi (Bundesstaat)
lietuvių: Misisipė
Ligure: Misciscippi
Lingua Franca Nova: Mississippi
lumbaart: Mississippi
मैथिली: मिसिसिपी
македонски: Мисисипи
Malagasy: Mississippi
മലയാളം: മിസിസിപ്പി
Māori: Mississippi
मराठी: मिसिसिपी
მარგალური: მისისიპიშ შტატი
مصرى: مسيسيبى
مازِرونی: می‌سی‌سی‌پی
Bahasa Melayu: Mississippi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mississippi
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မစ္စစ္စပီပြည်နယ်
Nāhuatl: Mississippi
Dorerin Naoero: Mississippi
Nedersaksies: Mississippi (stoat)
नेपाली: मिसिसिपी
नेपाल भाषा: मिसिसिपि राज्य
Napulitano: Mississippi
norsk nynorsk: Mississippi
олык марий: Миссисипи (штат)
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mississippi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਿਸੀਸਿੱਪੀ
پنجابی: مسسسپی
Piemontèis: Mississippi
Plattdüütsch: Mississippi (Bundsstaat)
português: Mississippi
română: Mississippi
Runa Simi: Mississippi suyu
саха тыла: Миссиссиппи
Gagana Samoa: Misisipi
संस्कृतम्: मिसिसिपी
Seeltersk: Mississippi
sicilianu: Mississippi
Simple English: Mississippi
српски / srpski: Мисисипи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mississippi
svenska: Mississippi
Tagalog: Mississippi
Taqbaylit: Mississippi
татарча/tatarça: Миссисипи (штат)
తెలుగు: మిసిసిపీ
тоҷикӣ: Миссисипӣ
Türkçe: Mississippi
українська: Міссісіпі (штат)
اردو: مسیسپی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Missisipi Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Mississippi
Volapük: Mississippi
Winaray: Mississippi
ייִדיש: מיסיסיפי
Zazaki: Mississippi
Zeêuws: Mississippi