|State of Mississippi|
"The Magnolia State", "The Hospitality State"
Virtute et Armis
|Anthem: Go, Mississippi|
Map of the United States with Mississippi highlighted
|Before statehood||Mississippi Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||December 10, 1817 (20th)|
(and largest city)
|Largest metro||Greater Jackson|
| • Governor||Phil Bryant (R)|
| • Lieutenant Governor||Tate Reeves (R)|
| • Total||48,430 sq mi (125,443 km2)|
| • Land||46,952 sq mi (121,607 km2)|
| • Water||1,521 sq mi (3,940 km2) 3%%|
| • Length||340 mi (545 km)|
| • Width||170 mi (275 km)|
|Elevation||300 ft (90 m)|
|Highest elevation||807 ft (246.0 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
| • Total||2,986,530 (2,018)|
| • Rank||34th|
| • Density||63.5/sq mi (24.5/km2)|
| • Density rank||32nd|
| • Median household income||$43,529 |
| • Income rank||50th|
| • Official language||English|
|Time zone||UTC-06:00 (Central)|
| • Summer (DST)||UTC-05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-MS|
| • Upper house||State Senate|
| • Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. senators||Roger Wicker (R)|
Cindy Hyde-Smith (R)
|U.S. House delegation||1: Trent Kelly (R)|
2: Bennie Thompson (D)
3: Michael Guest (R)
4: Steven Palazzo (R) (www.ms.gov
Mississippi (/ (listen)) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd largest and 34th-most populous of the 50 United States. Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the southwest by Louisiana, and to the northwest by Arkansas. Mississippi's western boundary is largely defined by the Mississippi River. Jackson is both the state's capital and largest city. Greater Jackson, with an estimated population of 580,166 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in Mississippi and the 95th-most populous in the United States.
On December 10, 1817, Mississippi became the 20th state admitted to the Union. By 1860, Mississippi was the nation's top cotton producing state and enslaved persons accounted for 55% of the state population. Mississippi declared its secession from the Union on March 23, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. Following the Civil War, it was restored to the Union on February 23, 1870. Until the Great Migration of the 1930s, African Americans were a majority of Mississippi's population. Mississippi was the site of many prominent events during the American Civil Rights movement, including the 1962 Ole Miss riots, the 1963 assassination of Medgar Evers, and the 1964 Freedom Summer murders. Mississippi frequently ranks low among states in measures of health, education, poverty, and development. In 2010, 37.3% of Mississippi's population was African American, the highest percentage for any state.
Mississippi is almost entirely within the Gulf coastal plain, and generally consists of lowland plains and low hills. The northwest remainder of the state consists of the Mississippi Delta, a section of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. Mississippi's highest point is Woodall Mountain at 807 feet (246 m) above sea level adjacent to the Cumberland Plateau; the lowest is the Gulf of Mexico. Mississippi has a humid subtropical climate classification.
The state's name is derived from the Mississippi River, which flows along its western boundary. Settlers named it after the Ojibwe word misi-ziibi ("Great River").